Based on the technology today, is cloning ethical?
Pros of Reproductive Cloning
- Couples could avoid passing on dangerous genes that run in the family with cloning.
- Researchers can use cloned animals for benefits in the field of medicine.
- Cloning could help the people who aren't able to have kids fulfill their dreams of parenthood.
- May allow researchers to make copies of animals for benefits in the field of agriculture.
- Could create clones to bring back endangered and/or extinct species of animals.
Cons of Reproductive Cloning
- Cloning could conflict with religious and social values about human dignity.It could also break terms of standards about individual freedom and identity.
- Cloning is an unsafe practice.
- Many people oppose the creation and destruction of human embryos for research because it is a deliberate destruction of human embryos.
- It eliminates the sense of uniqueness and violates firmly held beliefs about human freedom and individuality.
- Reproductive cloning is a very inefficient technique and most cloned animal embryos cannot develop into healthy individuals.
Examples of Reproductive Cloning
- We could test new drug and treatments on the cloned animals.
- In 2001 the Guar was the first clone of an endangered species and another, the Banteng, in 2003.
- The researchers who cloned Dolly have cloned other sheep that have been genetically modified to produce milk that contain a human protein essential for blood clotting.
- If the rate of successful animal cloning applied to humans, it would only be a 5% live birth rate.
- 277 cloned embryos were created and destroyed before Dolly was cloned.
Final Thoughts on Reproductive Cloning
I think cloning is a great idea and it definitely has potential to make the world better. We could do great things with cloning; we could make people’s dreams come true. But based on the technology today, I do not think cloning it ethical because of how unsafe and inefficient it is. In the future, if it was more precise and if the live rate was a lot higher, I would say that it is ethical, but with the technology today, I don't think it is.
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