Cystic Fibrosis

Informational Flyer

What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes lung infections and limits the ability to breathe. It does this and more by causing a thick buildup of mucus in the lungs, pancreas, and more organs. In the lungs mucus blocks the airways, trapping bacteria which then leads to infections, lung damage, and respiratory failure. In the pancreas the mucus prevents the body from being able to break down food or absorb the nutrients.
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What are the Symptoms?

There are many symptoms that vary from:

-"Salty-tasting skin"

-Coughing, sometimes even coughing up phlegm

-Lung infections such as pneumonia and/or bronchitis

-Shortness of breath and/or wheezing

-Weight gain and poor growth even with a healthy appetite

-Male Infertility

How can it be treated?

Due to the varying levels of severity and the type of symptoms, treatment is unique for each individual.

Those with the disease will do combinations of the following daily:

-Airway clearance via different techniques

---Help from family, friends, or therapists may be necessary

---Many use a inflatable vibrating vest to loosen the mucus (pictured below)

-Inhaled Medication (pictured below)

---Liquid medication in a mist/aerosol form

---Fights infections and helps keep airways clear

-Medication (pills/capsules) that improve the ability to absorb nutrients

---Taken with meals and usually with any snacks

-Multivitamins are commonly taken as well

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How is it inherited?

If a child's parents are carriers for the disease (have a copy of gene but don't have the disease), they have a 1 in 4 chance of getting the disease. There is a 1 in 2 chance (50/50 odds) that they will become carriers as well. There is another 1 in 4 chance that they won't have the disease or be carriers.