202 BCE - 256 CE
There was a strong Political system during the Han Dynasty. They helped unify China by unifying the different ranks. One example of this is how the Han dynasty made it so that even poor people could become government officials, something not allowed in other dynasties. The Han dynasty was founded by Liu Bang, a rebel who rose to power. The Han Dynasty was briefly interrupted by the Xin Dynasty, but the Han took back control quickly, an example of their strong political system. The dynasty came to an end because after a while corruption, bribery, and the importance of wealth took over the Han Dynasty. Soldiers were no longer paid to guard trade routs, causing a decline in economics, and projects like waterway building were abandoned. The needs of the poor were overlooked, causing rebellions, ending the Han Dynasty. These are the ways that the Han Dynasty had a strong political system.
This is a photo of a Han Dynasty emperor
The Han Dynasty had a very successful economic system. They established possibly China's most famous and successful trading route, The Silk Road. The Silk Road provided trade between China and Rome. It was called the silk road because that was the main material that Rome was extremmley intrested in getting. Other things that China traded with Rome were paper and spices, sometimes in exchange for gold, silver, and gems from Rome. Also, although the silk road essentally lead to Rome, it and other trade routes lead to Syria, India, and Baghdad, allowing an extremley strong economic system. Another way that the Han Dynasty had a strong economic system is that the amount of jobs needed increaced, allowing more people with jobs. Some of these jobs were teachers, government oficals, artists, merchants, and farmers. These are the ways that the Han Dynasty had a strong economic system.
This is a map of The Silk Road
Inventions/Technology/Science and Architecture
The Han Dynasty was probably the most productive dynasty in coming up with inventions. Probably their most famous invention was the paper made from trees that we use today. They also invented the compass, iron tools, the loom, the wheelbarrow, and the seismograph. The Han also funded many public service projects like canals and dams. Additionally, they built structures like Buddhist temples. These are the inventions and structures that were invented and built during the Han Dynasty.
The Han invented the compass
Religion / Culture / Social Life
The Han Dynasty had a very interesting religion. The Han believed that everyone had two souls. one for the body, and one for the spirit. Originally, the Han worshiped the five powers, the five elements of the earth, but, that soon became looked down upon, because the emperors wanted religious practices more focused directly on heaven. So, they began to worship heaven and one supreme god only. Aside from their religion, the Han were very artistic. They loved to create poetry, and they made statues of dogs, horses, and human singers and actors. They also painted portraits and murals. These are the things that the Han did in general but what was life like specifically for men and women. Only wealthy boys went to school, where they learned calligraphy, poetry, and teachings of Confucius. If you were a grown man you could become almost anything you want as long as you have the skills. On the other hand, if you were a women, you were not considered as valuable as men and had no say in who you married.
This is a statue of a horse made by the Han.