Jane Goodall, Mary Leakey, Raymond Dart
* Anthropologist consider what makes up our biological bodies and genetics, as well as our bones, diet, and health.
* Paleontologist use fossil remains to understand different aspects of extinct and living organisms. Individual fossils may contain information about an organism’s life and environment. Like the rings of a tree, for example, each ring on the surface of an oyster shell is equal one year of its life.
While watching chimpanzees Goodall discovered that they make their own tools after seeing a monkey use a stick after stripping the leaves to stick into a termite mound.
Another important discovery was in Africa, and was that she discovered that chimpanzees hunt bushpigs, colobus monkeys, and other small mammals, when people thought that chimps only ate plants and fruit.
She also discovered that a chimpanzees life isnt always peaceful and that sometimes female chimps will kill other chimps babies while in the same troop.This is called infanticide. http://www.janegoodall.org/study-corner-scientific-discoveries
Was born on February 6, 1913, in London, England where she later married Louis Leakey. The couple soon became one of science's best-known husband-wife teams. She lived from 1913 to 1996. http://www.biography.com/people/mary-leakey-9376051
She was best known for her excavational work at Olduvai Gorge, especially her discovery of Zinjanthropus Man.
She also made the discovery of the Laetoli footstep fossils which pushed back the apparent date of when humans were thought to walk on two rear limbs or legs roughly three million years. http://www.leakey.com/bios/mary-leakey
In 1924 he found a skullcap,which fit precisely over a brain-cast protruding from the surface of one of the limestone rocks rocks. After chipping away rock fragments he revealed the skulls face It was the first specimen of an australopithecine(an extinct genus of small-brained,large-toothed bipedal hominids) ever found.
- In the 1940’s Dart returned to fossil hunting inspired by Broom(friend),and found more australopithecine remains in a cave at Makapansgat, also in South Africa.