Anthropology/ Paleontology

Jane Goodall, Mary Leakey, Raymond Dart

Anthropology

The study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture.


* Anthropologist consider what makes up our biological bodies and genetics, as well as our bones, diet, and health.

Paleontology

The study of the history of life on Earth as based on fossil


* Paleontologist use fossil remains to understand different aspects of extinct and living organisms. Individual fossils may contain information about an organism’s life and environment. Like the rings of a tree, for example, each ring on the surface of an oyster shell is equal one year of its life.

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Personal Biography

Jane Goodall was Was born on April 3, 1934 in London, England. Since an early age Goodall has dreamed of traveling to Africa to see exotic animals in their natural habitat. In 1964 Goodall married Hugo van Lawick after meeting in Africa when Van Lawick was sent to film Goodall at work. Together they have one kid named Hugo Eric Louis Van Lawick. :http://www.biography.com/people/jane-goodall-9542363 ,

Scientific Biography

  • While watching chimpanzees Goodall discovered that they make their own tools after seeing a monkey use a stick after stripping the leaves to stick into a termite mound.

  • Another important discovery was in Africa, and was that she discovered that chimpanzees hunt bushpigs, colobus monkeys, and other small mammals, when people thought that chimps only ate plants and fruit.

  • She also discovered that a chimpanzees life isnt always peaceful and that sometimes female chimps will kill other chimps babies while in the same troop.This is called infanticide. http://www.janegoodall.org/study-corner-scientific-discoveries

Biology Legacy

She is connected to anthropology because Goodall works on studying the environmental and social relations of the chimpanzees.

Mary Goodall

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notablebiographies.com

Personal Biography

Was born on February 6, 1913, in London, England where she later married Louis Leakey. The couple soon became one of science's best-known husband-wife teams. She lived from 1913 to 1996. http://www.biography.com/people/mary-leakey-9376051

Scientific Biography

  • She was best known for her excavational work at Olduvai Gorge, especially her discovery of Zinjanthropus Man.

  • She also made the discovery of the Laetoli footstep fossils which pushed back the apparent date of when humans were thought to walk on two rear limbs or legs roughly three million years. http://www.leakey.com/bios/mary-leakey

Biology Legacy

She is connected to paleontology because she studied fossils to understand the possibilities that specimens like humans might have lived many years ago

Raymond Dart

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synidetics.com

Personal Biography

He was born in Queensland, Australia in 1893. He was the fifth of nine siblings. He won many prizes and scholarships while studying medical at Sydney. After graduation he did medical corps in World War 1.He would later become a biologists who has found many fossils. http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/homs/rdart.html

Scientific Biology

  • In 1924 he found a skullcap,which fit precisely over a brain-cast protruding from the surface of one of the limestone rocks rocks. After chipping away rock fragments he revealed the skulls face It was the first specimen of an australopithecine(an extinct genus of small-brained,large-toothed bipedal hominids) ever found.

  • In the 1940’s Dart returned to fossil hunting inspired by Broom(friend),and found more australopithecine remains in a cave at Makapansgat, also in South Africa.

    http://www.macroevolution.net/taung-child.html#taung-child

Biology Legacy

He is connected to Anthropology because he studied ancient specimen fossils that could be clues that specimens back then are much like humans today.