Intellectual Disabilities

By : Payton Enzbrenner

Definition

Intellectual Disabilities are disabilities characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. The disability originates before the age of 18.

Characteristic Indicators

  • Difficult or lack of understanding new concepts
  • Slowness or struggle in processing data
  • Organizational challenges
  • Below average intellectual functioning
  • Difficulty keeping up
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Diagnostic Tests

  • Prenatal screening - testing on the mother during pregnancy can reveal whether a child will be born with intellectual disabilities

Later, team approaches such as:


  • Home and classroom observation - teachers and paras may pay extra attention to those students in the classroom
  • Medical exam - physical exam, medical history, neurological testing, testing of adaptive functioning, social and behavioral observations


Instructional Strategies/Accommodations

  • Physical, speech and occupational therapy- therapy to help the student develop and learn with focus on daily activities
  • Special Education classes - specialized classes to assist the student in bettering their learning
  • Psychological counseling
  • Inclusive classroom environment that includes differential teaching methods
  • Mentoring


Accommodations could be made in the classroom and at home such as :


  • computer-voiced systems to help with communication
  • assistance in the classroom
  • teach students practical things along with planned lesson
Disability Awareness: Intellectual Disability

If I was to change anything in my fairytale, I would have the student draw a picture of some things they remember from the story. For the activity, I would have them draw themselves with something different and ask why they changed what they did.