Geometry in our world
By: William and Avkash
Hearst Tower (Manhattan)
Opposite Angle Theorem
One example of opposite angles are <ACD and <ECF. The theorem states that angles on opposite sides of two intersecting line segments must have the same measurement. As <ACD and <ECF are on opposite sides of the intersection C, made from line segments DE and AF, they should be congruent. As both these angles are 68° we can prove that this theorem is true.
Sum of the Interior Angles - Triangle
An example of this is the triangle ACD. The theorem states that the sum of the angles in any triangle must equal to 180°. In this picture when you add up each of the angles of said triangle: <ACD which is 68°, <ADC which is also 68°, and <DAC is 45°, the sum is 180°.
Sum of Interior Angles Formula - Hexagon
One example of the sum of the interior angles formula being used is through the hexagon EHIJKL. The formula stated above is 180°(n-2) with n being the amount of sides in the shape. As shown in the image above, if we follow through with this formula using a hexagon which has 6 sides, then the sum of the interior angles of a hexagon must be 720°. Shown beside that is the sum of the angles of hexagon EHIJKL which is also 720°. As both of these are the same, we can prove that this theorem is true.
Isosceles Triangle Theorem
An example of this is the isosceles triangle ACD. This theorem states the angles opposite of the equal sides in an isosceles triangle must be congruent. In this example of triangle ACD, <ACD and <ADC are both 68° as well as being opposite to the equal sides line segments AC and AD.
Exterior Angle Theorem
One example of the exterior angle theorem is using the triangle ACD with <ACE being the exterior angle. This theorem states that sum of the two non-adjacent angles inside the triangle are equal to the exterior angle. In this case, the non-adjacent angles are <CAD and <ADC which are 45° and 68° respectively. When added up, these equal 112° which is also the measurement of <ACE. Through this we can prove that this theorem is true.
Parallel Line Theorem – Corresponding Angles (F Pattern)
Parallel Line Theorem – Alternate Angles (Z Pattern)
One example of alternate angles are the <DCG and <CGF. This theorem states that alternate interior angles, ones on opposite sides of opposite ends of the transversal between two parallel lines, which also happen to form the shape of a Z, must be congruent. This is displayed when parallel line segments: DE and GF are split by transversal CG, creating <DCG and <CGF which are both 67°. This proves the theorem.