Greece

By Jenna Lux

Terms:

Tavernas: cafes that serve as public meeting places

Ouzo: A strong spirit with the flavor of anise

Bouzoukia: mandolin-like instrument

Classical Greece: Ancient Greece

Mayeritsa: a dish made with internal organs of a lamb cooked in a seasoned broth

Geography and Climate:

  • Formed on the tip of Europe's Balkan Peninsula
  • On large landmass and many islands
  • Mountain ridges- Mount Olympus
  • Dry soil makes farming difficult
  • Sheep live here
  • Mild Winters and warm summers and rainfall
  • Little or no frost

Government:

Greece was a self governing political units. Athens and Sparta had become two seats in of power. Athens was democratic and Sparta had been wanting to be apart of the community more. Greece eventually became less of a world power.

Agriculture:

Most Greeks are farmers even though they have a lack of fertile land. They produce corn and wheat. They raise their vegetables in a terraced garden. Fruits were grown in more fertile areas. Goats and Sheep had produced milk, cheese, and meat. Most of them had fished too.

Holidays and Recreation:

Religious holidays are the most important holidays to Greece. Saint Basil's Day, is considered New Year's Day. On this day, the people are exchanging gifts rather than on Christmas Day. Mainly the children are getting Saint Basil's cake. They also celebrate Easter and have a seven-day fast Lenten season, which is broken on Holy Saturday. Each village has a Patron saint and this feast is considered a holiday.

Cuisine:

Pastitsio: layers of pasta, ground lamb, and cheese

Kebabs: pieces of meat, poultry, fish, vegetables, or fruits threaded onto skewers and broiled.

Avgolemono: Greece sauces, a mixture of egg yolks and lemon juice

Moussaka: Eggplant

Taramasalata: snack served a pate made from fish roe(eggs)

Melamacarons: Honey cakes, gift to god

Phyllo: a paper-thin pastry made with flour and water

Baklava: a thin layer of phyllo filled with nuts and soaked with a honey syrup

Galatoboureko: a phyllo layered with rich custard and honey

Kopenhai: a nut cake with phyllo

Diples: a small thin sheets of dough that are rolled with two forks as they are fried

Mezedhes: a variety of appetizers


Most of their dishes had contained raw food dishes. Many dishes were sweet and crispy. Most dishes consisted of soups or salads along with fish or raw animal foods. They were well known for their breads and desserts.

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