Civil War Battles

Lauren Bedell

Fort Sumter

The Union troops in Sumter were under fire for two days. The battle lasted from April 12th to April 14th. Confederate armies fired at the fort trying to gain control of it. They attacked this fort because they felt since it was in the south they should have that fort. Union General Anderson surrendered the fort on the 13th. There was not a single casualty in the battle. While trying to do a 100 gun salute, however, it was cut short when an explosion went off killing one and fatally injuring another.


Civilwar.org,. 'Fort Sumter'. N.p., 2015. Web. 11 Mar. 2015.

Antietam

This was one of the bloodiest battles in of all American history. The Union had a numerical advantage but the Confederacy held their ground. More Union forces arrived from A.P. Hill’s division at Harpers Ferry to aid the troops there. The Confederate army was outnumbered two to one, but they held there place as General Lee committed all of their force. While Lee used all of the Confederate power he had, Union used less that three quarters of theirs. This was the victory Lincoln needed before he could deliver the Emancipation Proclamation.


Civilwaralbum.com,. 'The Middle Bridge, Antietam Photos'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Vicksburg

For a month, May through June 1863, the Union armies surrounded Vicksburg and trapped a Confederate army. The Union army landed off the Mississippi River south of Vicksburg in Bruinsburg. They moved inland to get away from Confederate forces then set their sights on Vicksburg. They surrounded Vicksburg and fought the Confederate armies held there for a month. On July 4 the Confederate army in Vicksburg surrendered. The Union took hold of Vicksburg after the win and sealed the Confederates fate in the war.


Wpclipart.com,. 'Battle Of Vicksburg - Http://Www.Wpclipart.Com/American_History/Civil_War/Battles/Battles_6/Battle_Of_Vicksburg.Jpg.Html'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Gettysburg

Gettysburg was one of the biggest and bloodiest battles of the Civil War. It was a huge loss for the Union army. The battle lasted from July 1st to July 3rd. When heading to battle Lee’s troops were in high spirits. They were looking to bring the war away from Virginia and have a big win on northern ground. Lee attacked the Union troops from the flanks sparking the battle. Both armies had reinforcements, however, with the Union standing at 20,000 men and the Confederacy at 30,000, they were largely outnumbered. Both armies were badly wounded with as many as 51,000 casualties from both armies. It was after this battle had been lost and the Confederacy had retreated back to Virginia, on the ravaged battleground, that President Lincoln delivered his famous Gettysburg Address.


History.com,. '7 Things You Should Know About The Battle Of Gettysburg'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Sherman’s March To The Sea

On July 22, 1864 the first battle of Sherman’s March To The Sea begun. Sherman had sent Kenner Garrard’s cavalry east to wreck the Georgia Railroad. They planned to flank the town and destroy it. They had a stroke of luck that day as they met the troops and had an advantage in the battle instead of over running hospital tents. It was Corporal Coleman’s shot that killed General McPherson. A bullet struck his watch and froze it at the time of his death, 2:02 pm. General Sherman was moved by the death of his friend, only the second Union commander to die during the war. The attack was won and marked the start of the famous march to the sea.


Encyclopedia Britannica,. 'March To The Sea | American Civil War'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Fort Fisher

On January 13 through January 15, 1865, Fort Fisher was attacked by the Union army. There were 60 vessels ready to being operations against the fort. The army was lead by Major General Alfred Terry. They prepared an attack on the infantry line when they arrived on the 13th. They moved on the fort on the 15th. The fort was surrendered by the Confederate troops in the fort. Fort Fisher was the last for the Confederacy had on the Atlantic.


Americancivilwar.com,. 'Fort Fisher North Carolina American Civil War Battle December 1864'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Appomattox Court House

The Union cavalry was outnumbered and losing at the beginning of the battle. As the Union infantry began to arrive from the south and the west the Confederate army started to fall. The newly arrived troops completed the encirclement of General Lee and Grant’s goal of destroying Lee’s army was close at hand. Lee retreated across the Appomattox River and surrendered instead of sacrificing lives for no purpose. This was not the end of the war, but Lee’s surrender set the US up for its conclusion.


Soundrunnerct.wordpress.com,. 'Appomattox Court House | Soundrunner's Blog'. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.