Education in the 1930's
Education during the 1930's
Black Education vs. White Education
The rural schools during the 1930s were underfunded and overpopulated. One-Third of children attended rural schools. For a white rural school district, on average there was 686 students per 1,000 white women. The average for a black rural school district was 799 students per 1,000 black women. The states(mostly the south) with the highest birth rates, had the lowest amount of money spent on education. The rural schools had fewer teachers when compared to city schools.
Urban schools had an average of 384 students per 1,000 white women and 360 students per 1,000 black women. They were also more funded and in that decade they were modern.
Rural Black School
The percent of African Americans enrolled at high school between the ages of 14-17 was 19%. But 55% of all white students were enrolled in high school.
Rural White School
African American Schools
In many places the education and schools were racially segregated. In an rural area there were barely any black high schools the only high schools that existed were in the southern cities. Most African Americans were not represented in the school board; making it more difficult to be funded. The average African American student was fifteen. In the nation, more than 25% of students were African American, but they only received 12% on revenues and 3% fund budget on school transportation. If there wasn't a high school for a African American to attend; majority of the time they attended a program called "Industrial Education".
Education for white children was not necessarily segregated but they were divided. There was the rural schools and education which was not funded and there was no chance of actually being successful. Then there were urban schools and education which was well provided and supported. It was very obvious that well educated children from rural schools would be prevented from competing with the uneducated wealthy children from urban schools.