Effective Reading and Writing Inst.

Megan Frost 9.10.15 Section B



Effective Instruction





This article focuses mostly on the think loud strategy and the benefits of modeling strategies for your students.

Think aloud is when you pose a problem and you show the students how to solve it while thinking out loud the different solutions and how you got to each one.

It showed that if you put visual representations of think alouds in the room it is good for students to be reminded of them when reading or writing

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What to model...

WHY the strategy is used

HOW the strategy is used

WHAT strategies to use in specific situations

Model every step!

What I got out of it

I like this method it allows you to be flexible and scaffold students thinking. You can use it with any grade level and any subject.

More inclusive classrooms so the thinking may need to be more scaffolded, and it gives children extra practice in reading and writing.

Limitations are that this is a very time consuming strategy. It takes a lot out of your day to go through every thought in subjects.

Also could be difficult to train yourself to do, and train your kids to understand how it works.

Modeling Writing Instruction

Self-Regulated Strategy Development (SRSD)

1) Develop background knowledge

2) Discuss it

3) Model it

4) Memorize it

5) Support it

6) Independent practice

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3 Questions

What do you think would be the difficult part of using this strategy?

What benefits do you see of this strategy?

Do you think kids can learn through modeling? (based on multiple intelligence theory)


Checklist for students elementary. (n.d.). Retrieved September 9, 2015.

Donna Coates - Think Aloud Math Problem Solving - LEaRN DVD5 SS6. (n.d.). Retrieved September 9, 2015.

Regan, K., & Berkeley, S. (2011). Effective Reading and Writing Instruction: A Focus on Modeling. Intervention in School and Clinic, 276-282. Retrieved September 8, 2015, from http://isc.sagepub.com/content/47/5/276