by McKinzie Reichle
1. Spoils System
Definition of Spoils System: Successful political parties that practice giving office to its supporters.
1. This picture is showing that the government rewarding its campaign workers.
2. Also, extends personal turnover personnel turnover down to routine or subordinate government position.
3. Lastly, it is rewarding loyal workers because of their occupations.
2. Pendleton Act
Definition of Pendleton Act: United States federal law was created in 1883, which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
1. Federal law, enacted in 1883 which established that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affliction.
2. Also, it made it illegal to fire or demote government officials for political reasons and prohibited soliciting campaign donations on Federal government property.
3. Lastly, the act initially covered only 10 percent the US government civilian employees.
3. Party of Morality
1. Women now had more rights.
2. Also, causing peace in an end to world war 1.
3. Lastly, it assembled women which would have a moral effect upon the belligerent countries.
4. Interstate Commerce Commission
Definition of Interstate Commerce Commission: Was a regulatory agency in the United States created by the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887.
1. The purpose was to regulate railroads to make sure people had fare rates.
2. Also, Congress expanded ICC authority to regulate other modes of commerce beginning in 1906.
3. Lastly, the government was showing no mercy to the hard workers.
5. Sherman Antitrust Act
Definition of Sherman Antitrust Act: A federal law passed in 1890 that committed the American government to opposing monopolies.
1. The general sense, a trust is a centuries-old form of a contract whereby one party entrusts its property to a second party.
2. Also, laws that attempts tp prevent, as shown in the picture, the artificial raising of prices by restriction of trade.
3. Lastly, it was created to preserve a competitive marketplace to protect consumers from abuse.
Definition of Populism: is a belief in the power of regular people, and in their right to have control over their government rather than a small group of political insiders or a wealthy elite.
1. Citizens are mistreated by a small circle of people, whom can be overthrown if the people recognize the harm it could cause and then they work together.
2. Also, the elites as trampling on the rights, values, and the voice of the legitimate people.
3. This movement was known around the nations.
7. The 16th Amendment
1. The requirements are district taxes.
2. The amendment was adopted on February 3, 1913.
8. William Jennings Bryan
1. This man started at the 1896 Democratic convention with his Cross of Gold speech, this favored free silver.
2. Also, Bryan campaigned for peace, prohibition, and suffrage, and lastly increasing the teaching evolution.
3. Lastly, he worked for women suffrage.
9. Jim Crow Laws
1. This law happened first in the Southern United States enforcing racial segregation.
2. The seperation of color was shown in resterooms, restraunts, and drinking fountains.
3. Whites were getting the nicer restrooms and the blacks were not given the nicer things. People were ashamed to even talk to these colored people.
10. Ida B. Wells
1. Ida B. Wells parents were active in the party of Republican during the reconstruction so she followed their footsteps.
2. Also, she was a newspaper editor and feminist that was hard working and had very strong beliefs.
3. She was born into slavery and at this time all the slaves wanted to go to Illinois because that is where they could be free.
11. The 17th Amendment
1. To vote for a term of 6 years.
2. Also, voting for 2 senators for each state.
12. The 18th Amendment
1. This was a huge failure and was not stopping people from buying and drinking it.
2. Criminals made lots of money selling alcohol.
3. Before it was banded people blamed their violence on being drunk.
13. The 19th Amendment
1. "Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who were key figures in the Suffrage movement."
2. This was the first time women were apart of something so changing in this nation.
3. Women were the movers in this movement to make it happen.
14. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
1. This happened 100 years ago on March 25th.
2. A stronger America laid the foundations for the laws that keep workers safe and healthy today.
3.Lastly, this killed 146 workers in a New York City garment factor.
15. The Grange
1. Patrons of Husbandry is what it is also known as.
2. Also, advance methods of agriculture, as well as to promote the social and economic needs of farmers in the United States.
3. Lastly, it increased the railroad fees to ship crops. This is one of the many things it did.