In the same spirit as the other reform movements, more than 100,000 American men, women, and children between 1820 and 1860 searched for alternative lifestyles. They wanted to find a utopia, or an ideal society. Disenchanted with the world around them, utopian seekers hoped to create their perfect society by building experimental communities. Most of the communes had short lifespans, and the utopians performed their experiments in isolation from the rest of society, yet they all expressed the deep desire of perfectionism.
Three Transcendentalism Authors
Edgar Allen Poe was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement.
Henry D. Thoreau He began writing nature poetry in the 1840s, with poet Ralph Waldo Emerson as a mentor and friend. In 1845 he began his famous two-year stay on Walden Pond, which he wrote about in his master work, Walden.