Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

The How it Happens and the Effects

How Much Do You Need to Drink to Give Your Baby FAS?

Any amount may give the baby FAS. Gynecologists recommend not drinking at all when pregnant.

Characteristics of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

  • Decreased muscle tone and poor coordination

    Delayed development and problems in three or more major areas: thinking, speech, movement, or social skills

    Heart defects

    Problems with the face, including:

    Narrow, small eyes with large epicanthal folds

    Small upper jaw

    Smooth groove in upper lip

    Smooth and thin upper lip

Other Efects

The Effects On the Children

Children with fetal alcohol syndrome usually have multiple handicaps and require special medical, educational, familial and community assistance. These children may require lifelong, expensive, intensive care and intervention to reach their potential. Children with FAS often have behavior problems, because the alcohol injures their brain. Some have more behavioral problems than others. Some are so severely affected that they cannot function independently.


  • Hyperactivity
  • Stubbornness
  • Impulsiveness
  • Passiveness
  • Fearlessness
  • Irritability
  • Sleep difficulties
  • Teasing or bullying of others
  • Hypersensitivity to sound and touch
  • Difficulty with change
  • Poor self-image
  • Depression