Civilian Life In the War

The Differences Between the North and South

What Happened in the Civil War?

The Civil War began in 1861 with the attack on Fort Sumter, South Carolina, and it ended when General Lee surrendered to General Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse in 1865. In the battle of Fort Sumter, Major Robert Anderson of the South attacked the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, and there was open fire on April 12, 1861. During the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln released the Emancipation Proclamation, though some states were against it. The Emancipation Proclamation was written in 1863 by Lincoln and Douglass. The Civil War was a five year battle between the two sides, the Union and Confederacy. It was caused by the disagreement between the states, since the Union was against slavery and the Confederacy encouraged it. In the end, though, the Union turned out victorious and abolished slavery in all the states. The amount of people killed in the Civil War totaled about 650,000. This matters now because all fifty of the United States discriminate racism and slavery is illegal throughout the country. The American Civil War is arguably one of the most important wars fought in the US.

Life for Northern Civilians

The North has a larger population than the South, and it had twice as many soldiers in the start of the war. The North also had more industrial railroads. Overall, Union states were wealthier with more manufacturing than the Confederacy. This is mostly because they had a lot more factories for creating guns and ammunition.There were more houses in the North and the people lived easier lives, for the most part. The North's soil was meant for smaller farmland rather than large plantations. The North was fueled by more natural resources which the South didn't have. Another reason why agricultural farming wasn't as common in the North as it was in the South was because there were no slaves or laborers, who made up most of the workers in farms. 70% of immigrants also chose to go to the North rather than the South. Soldiers were both drafted and given bounties.

Life for Southern Civilians

The fertile soil and the climate was perfect for growing plants, so it made the South a utopia for farming and making plantations. Also, the Confederacy had slaves and laborers, so they grew a lot of natural materials. They grew crops like cotton, tobacco, and grain. Farming grew to be very important and was one main job Southerners took. Surprisingly, only one third of the Southerners own slaves. There were, in fact, almost as many blacks as there were whites in the Confederate States. Transportation in the South was difficult because there weren't as many railroads. But, there are lots of rivers, so most people traveled in boats on water. Most of the cities in the South are tiny and town-like. While the Northerners were having an industrial boom, Southern states were having a stall. Most of the fights in the Civil War happened in the South. Soldiers were mostly drafted and were rarely given bounties. Sometimes, growing crops would be difficult in the South due to the Northern blockade.
Home Front: Daily Life in the Civil War North

Similarities Between Both Sides

There are not many similarities between the Union and Confederacy in the Civil War, but they did share or used to share common beliefs. When the war started, they both thought that it would be relatively short. They also both wanted the border states to join them in fighting. Both sides used conscription as a way of retrieving soldiers. They also both used relatively similar weapons. They used ironclads, rifles, and minié balls to fight. The South had the ironclad Virginia, or Merrimack, and the North had Monitor. Although the similarities were small in amount, both sides still had them.

By Esha Vaishnav

Core: 1