Causes of the American Revolution

1763-1776

Causes of the American Revolution

The American Revolution is when the colonist got tried of serving the King of England and wanted their own freedom to govern themselves. The colonists fought against the King of England and his armies to win their freedom and form their own government. There were a number of reasons the colonists wanted freedom from England. The colonists wanted the freedom to create their own government and govern themselves as well as the freedom to worship God however they saw fit.


As a start to the American Revolution, the colonist boycotted all the King's decrees to show defiance of the King and in an attempt to gain independence for themselves. One of the social causes of the American Revolution were when the King of England took control of the new England colonies which caused the colonist to become angry and threatened their way of life and religious freedoms.


An economic policy that caused the colonies to revolt was the continued taxation of goods and food by the King. The King used the taxes as a way of controlling the colonies. However the colonists did not see fit to pay taxes to England, but instead wanted to keep the money in the colonies.


The decision to stand against England and the King was bold, but it was the only way the colonist could be free. The colonists had no choice but to fight against the King and his armies. Without their decision to fight, America would not be what it is today.

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Navigations Act (1650-1700's)

The Navigation Acts was a decree that stopped the 13 colonies from trading with anyone other than England. This is a good example of mercantilism and the English Parliament's attempts to continue to control and protects resources of the colonies such as tobacco. Under the eyes of the Legislative government trade with the English had to be on colonial ships. Any trade with another country was forbidden and had to be sent to England first. The Navigation Act forced the colonists to buy necessary goods from England and slowed their ability to produce and sell their own goods. This is another reason the colonists were ready to stand against England.
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Proclamation of (1763)

When the French and Indian War came to and end the British remained in control of the Ohio River Valley. After the British won the Ohio River Valley, King George the III declared the Proclamation Line of 1763 in order to keep from going to war with the American Indians. The Proclamation Line prohibited the colonist from moving west of the Appalachian mountains as this land now belonged to the American Indians. However, the colonists wanted access to the last across the Appalachian Mountains and more importantly, they did not want the British soldiers living near them. The colonist became angry because of the British rule which is another problem that led to the American Revolution.
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Stamp Act (1765)

The English Parliament passed another decree called the Stamp Act. The Stamp Act is a law that taxed the colonist for seals and stamps for anything printed on paper. Parliament created the Stamp Act to keep collecting money because the colonies were in debt to England for protecting them during the French and Indian war. The colonist began to boycott the act and created a congress of the nine colonies to discussed the Stamp Act and what to do about it. The Stamp Act Congress finally sent in a request to King George the III and asked him to repeal the law.
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Quartering Act (1765)

After the Stamp Act, Parliament passed an act called the Quartering Act. The Quartering Act is an act that allows British soldiers to live in a colonists homes. The soldiers could live in any colonists house if they thought that the colonist was disobeying the laws. You would think that the soldiers would have to have a search warrant, but the Writs of Assistance allowed the soldiers into any house. The Quartering Act made the colonist very angry cause they had to pay more for the soldiers to live in their house and eat their food. This lead to even more problems King George had to deal with.
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Townshed Act (1767)

In 1767 the Parliament passed a law in which all colonist must pay a tax on everyday goods. The everyday goods consisted of tea, paper, glass and other items. The colonist became very angry and boycotted. For example the Daughters of Liberty made there own clothing instead of buying them. Because of the colonists boycott of the items, Parliament repealed the law on everything, except for the tax on tea. The tax on tea will become another cause to the American Revolution.
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Bosten Massacre

On March 5. 1770 a group of angry colonist confronted the British Soldiers. The mob of angry colonist began throwing snow balls at the soldiers and shouting insulting things. The tensions between the colonist and the soldiers escalated. The soldiers finally had enough and they shot all of the colonist. The soldiers killed five colonist which became known as the Boston Massacre. The Boston Massacre was pivotal in the colonists decision to revolt against England.
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Tea Act (1773)

The Parliament, in 1773, passed a law called the Tea Act. The Tea Act was a law that states that only the British East India Company (BEIC) can sell and tax tea to the colonies. The Parliament passed this act to help the (BEIC) reduce it's debt and gain total control of the tea industry in the colonies. This is known as an monopoly. The colonist we even more angry that they could only buy tea from the (BEIC). The Daughters of liberty boycotted by making there own tea. The next event discussed was caused by this act.
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Boston Tea Party (1773)

On December 16, 1773 the Sons Of Liberty boycotted the Tea Act and rebelled against England in a single action of defiance. In an act of defiance, the Sons Of Liberty boarded a colonial cargo ship illegally and under the disguise of American Indians. The group then dumped 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor making it useless and worthless to the King and England. This became better known as the Boston Tea Party.
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