Temperate Deciduous Forest

Emma Bradley


The average temperature of the temperate deciduous forest is 50 degrees. The average rainfall is 30-60 inches per year. It has four distinct seasons, which are summer, fall, winter, and spring. The leaves fall off in the winter and change color in the fall.

Plant life

The temperate deciduous forest has a large variety of plants. There are three main levels of plants. On the first level, which if the forest floor, plants, lichen, moss, ferns, and many other small plants can be found. The middle level is filled with shrubs. The third level is filled with many kinds of hardwood.

American Beech is a type of tree that grows in the temperature deciduous forest. The tree looses its leaves in the winter, but stays the same the rest of the year. Carpet Moss are evergreen plants also found in the deciduous forest. In the spring the carpet moss is golden green, but it becomes a darker green as it ages. White oaks are commonly found in the deciduous forest and they can adapt to almost any climate, anywhere. Pecan trees are trees that grow best in a humid climate. The Common Limewood Tree, found in the temperate deciduous forest, grows best in hot, sunny climates.

Fun Fact!

The temperate deciduous forest is the most common biome for people to live in.


American Bald Eagle- They adapt well in any climate, they migrate in the winter.

American Black Bear- They adapt well in the winter because of their many layers of fur. They also hibernate in winter so they don;t have to hunt for food.

Duckbill Platypus- They live in the deciduous forest in Australia. Their thick fur keeps them dry and warm.

Eastern Chipmunk- They hibernate a little bit. Mostly, the move around in warm weather.

Most animals are either nut and acorn feeders or omnivores. Most animals in the deciduous forest hibernate in the winter.

Predator/Prey Relationships

- Mountain lions prey on deer

- A snake catching and eating a mouse.

- A hawk picking up a rat.

- Rattlesnakes eating chipmunks.



- Cougars and bears both fight over fish and deer.

- A hawk competes with a snake to eat rats.


- Insects cooperate and live off the same nutrients.

- Rodents and birds cooperate.

Ecological Concerns

The biggest threat to the temperate deciduous forest is development and agriculture because of how much civilization is in and around the forest.

The Duckbill Platypus and Asian Black Bears are two identified endangered species in the temperate deciduous forest.

Temperate deciduous forests are very important because they provide large amounts of oxygen from Carbon Dioxide. They also prevent erosion of land.

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