Paleolithic era & Neolithic era

Old Stone Age & New Stone Age

Paleolithic era(Old Stone Age)

The Old Stone Age or the Paleolithic Era, lasted until about 12,000 to 70,000 years ago. Man survived by hunting animals and gathering roots, berries, leaves, and seeds. People eventually began to hunt in groups instead of individually. The tools that were used are stone, wood, and bone tools, they also used the flint blade to skin and butcher the carcass. An important development for the Old Stone Age was the discovery of fire. One thing Stone age people never really did was settle, they were nomads because they didn't have settled homes.

Neolithic era(New Stone Age)

The New Stone Age or Neolithic Era lasted until about 6,000 to 12,000 years ago. The people in the Neolithic Era were not nomads because they began to settle in one place. The diet of the people began to change there diet and eat grains and small animals.

The people also developed agriculture, which is the raising of crops and animals. People no longer needed to travel great distances to gather food. People learned how to domesticate plants and animals. Farmers would domesticate plants such as wheat, barley, peas, and lentils. Farmers would also domesticate animals such as goats, cattle, and sheep. People still used stone, bone, and wooden tools, but new tools were added by using copper and bronze.