Lexington and Concord

April 19, 1775

Background Info

The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War. The battles were a result of the conflict between The Kingdom of Great Britain, and the thirteen colonies. 700 British soldiers march into Lexington to confiscate hidden weapons. 77 colonist were there waiting for their arrival, thanks to Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Dr. Samuel Prescott who had warned them about the British coming. The British passed with no causalities while the colonist had suffered 8 deaths. The Colonists beat the British on the bridge, and the British Army began to retreat. To the colonists surprise, they won and obtained the first step to American Independence.

Key People

British General: General Thomas Gage

Paul Revere, William Dawes, and Dr. Samuel Prescott let everyone know the British were coming.

"Minutemen" : Men who were able to fight in a minutes notice

Lord Percy: Led British troops back to Boston after being defeated at Concord

Fun Facts

  • The British soldiers were called "regulars" and "Red Coats" because of their red uniforms
  • The leader of the militiamen in Lexington was captain John Parker and around 25% of his soldiers were his relatives.
  • Around 15,000 militiamen surrounded Boston the day after the battles of Lexington and Concord.
  • John Parker led the militiamen in Lexington with 77 men.
  • The British shot the second shot, and kept firing without command.

Work Cited

"Battles of Lexington and Concord." Battles of Lexington and Concord. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.

"Lexington and Concord Fun Facts." Lexington and Concord. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.

"The Revolution on the Home Front." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.

Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 11 Dec. 2015.