Bipolar Disorder

By: Gracen and Seth

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder is a chronic mental illness that causes dramatic shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to think clearly.

Signs and Symptons:

People with Bipolar Disorder experience unusually intense emotional states that occur in distinct periods called mood episodes.

Age of on-set:

Bipolar Disorder usually begins in the late teens and early twenties.

Causes:

Genetics, stress and brain structure are all causes of Bipolar Disorder.

Related Disorders:

Bipolar 1 Disorder, Bipolar 2 Disorder, Cyclothymic or Cyclothymia are all types of disorders related to Bipolar Disorder.

Diagnosis and treatment:

To be diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder, a person must have experienced mania or hypomania. The doctor may preform a physical examination, conduct an interview and order lab tests. Bipolar Disorder cannot be cured but, it can be treated effectively long term. But because it is a life long illness, long term continuous treatment is needed to control symptoms.

Examples of behaviors:

A person with Bipolar Disorder may have distinct or depressed states. A person with mixed episodes experiances both extremes simultaneously or in rapid sequence. They may also have inflated self-esteem or gradually decreased need for sleep. There may also be unusual talkativeness.

A myth about Bipolar Disorder:

Bipolar Disorder is just another name for mood swings. This is one thing people may think about Bipolar Disorder but, it is not true.

Resources:

teenmentalhealth.org, web MD, www.nami.org, www.nimh.gov, and www.mayoclinic.org.