Canada in 2050

Ashley Persaud

Intro

Canada is constantly evolving. Can you imagine how different Canada will be in the year 2050? These are my predictions about how Canada's Demographic, Immigration and The Aboriginals/First Nations situations will be in the year 2050.

Immigration

Immigrating to Canada has been a pro to many individuals and families throughout the world who are looking forward to start a new life. There are three main types of immigrants which are Family Class, Economic Class, and Refugees. From 2003 to recent years, there has been a steady fluctuation in each class. For the Family Class, the highest rate of immigrants being 70, 200 people in 2006 immigrating into Canada and the lowest rate being in 2011 with 56,500 people. There has been no pattern of an increase/decrease of immigrants in the past years. I think that in the year of 2050 the amount of Family Class immigrants will increase, because our world's overall increase in population and the significant increase in 2011 (56,500) to 2012 (65,000). For the Economic Class, the highest rate of immigrants was in 2010 with 186,900 people and the lowest rate was in 2003 with 121,000 people coming into Canada (Citizenship and Immigration Canada) . From 2003 to 2010 there has been quite a consistent increase. From 2010 to 2012, the rates have been decreasing. My prediction for the Economic Class in the year 2050 is that there will be many fluctuations of increases and decreases leading up to 2050 but in 2050 the immigration rate will be increased. For the Refugees the highest rate of immigrants was in 2005 with 35,900 people and the lowest rate being in 2008 with 21,800 people (Citizenship and Immigration Canada). From 2003 to 2005 the amount of immigrants coming into Canada had been increasing. Since 2005 to 2012 the rate had been decreasing. My prediction for Refugees is that by the year 2050 the rate at which Refugees immigrate will be decreased because the rate decreased over the past few years.

Demography

The birth rate in Canada has altered quite a bit within the span of 31 years (1981-2011). From 1981-1991, the birth rate had been at its prime by having a rate in the range of 14 (rate per 1000) with 1981 being Canada's highest era of birth (14.9-rate per 1000). In the beginning of 1996, the birth rate then proceeded to drop until the year of 2007 where it began to increase gradually from 10.9 (rate per 1000), in 2006 to 11 (rate per 1000), in 2011 (Milan-Stats Canada). Although the birth rate is currently not as high as it was in 1981, due to the steady increase that is currently shown throughout these past few years, I think that Canada's birth rate can begin to grow as it once did in the past. Therefore I predict that by the year of 2050 the Canadian birth rate will continue to increase and it may possibly surpass the highest era of birth in 1981.

The Aboriginals

There are many issues regarding The First Nations in Canada. One of the very significant issues is regarding the youth of The Aboriginals. As of the late 1800's, Canadian authorities/Church officials took it upon themselves to begin taking away Aboriginal children from their families to place them into residential schools. Residential schools did not allow the children to practice their culture and forced them to practice the ways and culture of the mainstream Canadian society. Even though these residential schools do not exist anymore, long term effects caused by this act include shattering cultural identities and emotional abuse (socialjustice.org-aboriginal issues). Presently, there has been a lot done by the Canadian government to try expressing their apologies and help compensate for the Aboriginal victims and families affected by the past such as "formalizing a $1.9-billion compensation package for those who were forced to attend residential schools" (CBC News Canada) and having a 24h hotline to provide support for former residential school victims (Health Canada). Many school curriculums also discuss and make aware to students about the unfortunate situation of residential schools. My prediction for the youth of The Aboriginals in Canada 2050 is that it will be certain for them to be able to receive a fair education and chance at earning a job. Another prediction is that there will be more Aboriginal people living diversely spread out across Canada due to the steady increase of Aboriginals over the years: 1996 (2.8% of Canadian population), 2001 (3.3% of Canadian population), 2006 (3.8% of Canadian population) and 2011 (4.3% of Canadian population) (Milan-statscanada).
Canada apologizes for residential school system

Conclusion

These are my predictions as to what Canada will be like in the year 2050 in regards to the Demography, Immigration, and The Aboriginals/ First Nations

Bibliography

Works Cited


Aboriginal Issues- Education. Centre for Social Justice. Web. 8 Mar. 2014

Anne Milan. Number of Births. Statistics Canada. 10 Jul. 2013. Web. 8 Mar. 2014

CBC News. A history of residential schools in Canada. CBC News. 7 Jan. 2014. Web. 8 Mar. 2014

Canada- Permanent residents by category and source area. Government of Canada. 7 Aug. 2013. Web. Mar. 8 2014

Indian Residential Schools Resolution Support Program. Health Canada. 5 Mar. 2013. Web. 8 Mar. 2014
Part 1: Aboriginal People -Diverse groups living across the country. Statistics Canada. 14 Jan. 2014. Web. 8 Mar. 2014