JUDAISM--in the Middle East

Cort R--p3

FOLLOWERS

The followers of Judaism are called Jews.


The most common sects are Orthodox, Conservative, and Reformed.

CENTRAL TEACHINGS/BELIEFS

(1) Prayer. (2) Sabbath is a holy day (Friday evening to Saturday evening). (3) Study Torah (the first five Books of Moses). (4) Follow God's laws, including Ten Commandments.

(5) Justice is emphasized. God considers all people equal. (6) Refer to God as Yaweh.

SACRAMENTS/TRADITIONS

(1) Some Jews eat only Kosher food (no pork, shellfish, or mixing of milk and meat products). (2) Bar Mitzvah (boys) and Bat Mitzvah (girls)--ceremony at age 13-- signifies one is now full member of the congregation.

PLACE OF WORSHIP

Synagogue

WORSHIP LEADER

Rabbi (a teacher of the Torah, a guide)

HOLY BOOK

Tanakh--the Jewish Bible


Torah--the first five books of the Hebrew Bible

HOLY DAYS/HOLIDAYS

(1) Rosh Hashanah (New Year)-- fasting begins. (2) Yom Kippur--the last of the 10 days that begin with Rosh Hashanah--fasting ends; "Day of Atonement" -- holiest day of Jewish year.

(3) Passover--Angel of Death "passed over" Hebrews who were in bondage in Egypt.

(4) Hanukkah--celebrates miracle of oil lasting 8 days when only enough for 1 day in Temple.

HOLY CITIES/PLACES

Western Wall (Wailing Wall) in Jerusalem

SYMBOL

Star of David

MUSIC

Jewish music has developed over the long history of he Jewish people. "The importance of music in the life of the Jewish people is found almost at the beginning of Genesis." The music is both religious and secular.
Jerushalaim shel zahav (Jerusalem aus Gold) - Ofra Haza

BELIEFS Judaism SHARES WITH Islam and Christianity

1. Judaism, Islam, and Christianity are all monotheistic ("faith in a single, All-Powerful God who is the sole Creator, Sustainer and Ruler of the universe").

2. Judaism, Islam, and Christianity share Abraham as a common religious figure.