By:Elisabeth and Canton
Statistics & Consequences
- Cigarette smoking causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the United States. This is about one in five deaths.
- Smoking causes more deaths each year than all of these combined:
- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Illegal drug use
- Alcohol use
- Motor vehicle injuries
- Firearm-related incidents
- More than 10 times as many U.S. citizens have died prematurely from cigarette smoking than have died in all the wars fought by the United States during its history
- Smoking causes about 90% of all lung cancer deaths in men and women.
- Cigarette smoking increases risk for death from all causes in men and women.
- The risk of dying from cigarette smoking has increased over the last 50 years in men and women in the United States.
- Smoking can decrease bone density.
Stages of Addiction
Stage 1: Beginning tobacco users may remain abstinent
indefinitely without experiencing symptoms.
Stage 2: As physical dependence begins, the individual will
experience a mild desire to use tobacco anytime he/she goes too
long without using tobacco. This mild desire is short lived, easily
ignored, and does not intrude upon the person’s thoughts.
Stage 3: In stage 3, whenever the individual goes too long
without nicotine, he/she will experience the mild transient desire
to use tobacco followed by a stronger desire that intrudes upon
the person’s thoughts. This stronger desire is more persistent
and difficult to ignore.
Stage 4: When tobacco users in stage 4 forgo tobacco use for
too long they will experience the same symptoms as described
for stages 2 and 3 followed by an intense desire to use tobacco
that is urgent and impossible to ignore. The individual feels that
he/she needs to use tobacco in order to be able to feel and
-A single cigarette contains over 4,800 chemicals, 69 of which are known to cause cancer.
Types of Tobacco
Types of Tobacco
- Bidis -small, thin hand-rolled cigarettes imported to the United States primarily from India and other Southeast Asian countries. They consist of tobacco wrapped in a tendu or temburni leaf (plants native to Asia), and may be secured with a colorful string at one or both ends. Bidis can be flavored (e.g. chocolate, cherry, mango) or unflavored.
- Chew- see Smokeless Tobacco
- Cigarettes- combination of cured and finely cut tobacco, reconstituted tobacco, and other additives rolled or stuffed into a paper wrapped cylinder. Many cigarettes have one filter at the end.
- Dissolvable Tobacco-finely processed to dissolve on the tongue or in the
- mouth. Varieties include strips, sticks,orbs and compressed tobacco
- lozenges. They are smoke and spit free, are held together by food-grade
- binders and look similar to a breath mint or candy.
- Electronic cigarette or E- cigarette- battery powered device that contains a cartridge filled with nicotine, flavor and other chemicals. Is not a tobacco product but a nicotine delivery system.
- Hookah- a pipe used to smoke Shisha, a combination of tobacco and fruit or vegetable that is heated and the smoke is filtered through water. The Hookah consists of a head, body water bowl and hose. The tobacco or Shisha is heated in the hookah usually using charcoal.
- Pipe-often reusable and consist of a chamber or bowl, stem and mouthpiece. Tobacco is placed into the bowl and lit. The smoke is than drawn through the stem and mouthpiece and inhaled.
- Children ages 10 to 14 who view many movies with characters who smoke are more likely to try cigarettes themselves
- Onscreen smoking influences children regardless of the film’s ratings
- “Movie smoking seems to be just as impactful if it’s packaged in a PG-13 movie as opposed to an R movie,” said lead author Dr. James Sargent of the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth in Lebanon, New Hampshire. “I really think it’s a ‘cool’ factor. The more they see it, the more they start to see ways that (smoking) might make them seem more movie-star.”
researchers counted how many times characters were seen smoking, in each of more than 500 popular movies. They then asked 6,500 10- to 14-year-olds which of the movies they had seen. The children were re-interviewed during the following two years. Those who had seen movies with a lot of smoking were more likely to start smoking themselves
- Tobacco companies still spend almost $10 billion a year on marketing.Tobacco companies still spend almost $10 billion a year on marketing.
- once they’re hooked, they’re likely to continue the unhealthy habit into adulthood.
- Research has also shown that there are a number of factors that influence teens to experiment with smoking, such as having friends who smoke or having a rebellious or sensation-seeking personality
- Young people are especially influenced by smoking in movies because the teen years are often a period of searching for identity and forming a self-concept