Etruscans

Riley Hopper & Jordan Faulk

Introduction:

Time period Of existence: created during the 1st millennium BC

Geographic location: Etruria (at their height in Italy from the 8th to the 5th century B.C.) occupied central Italy before Rome was formed. They lived in modern day Tuscany.

Aspects Of Civilization

  • Advanced Cities: (Italy) north Rome, between the Arno and Tiber rivers to west of the Apennine Mountains. Etruria and the PO Valley.What were they: Etruria and the PO valleyAre they still around today: no - modern day Italy. Etruria is divided into a Northern & Southern region; natural border between the two regions is a line between Vulci, lake Bolsena and Orvieto
  • Social Structure: Who lived there: Etruscans
  • Religion: The Etruscan system of belief was, like those of the Greeks and Romans, polytheistic, based on the worship of many gods and goddesses. they were very devoted to their religion.

    The Etruscan priest: Spurinna. There are relatively few modern comprehensive studies of Etruscan religion, and none in English.

  • Government: The Etruscans adopted the city-state as their political unit from the Greeks. Like the Greeks most Etruscans cities moved from Monarchy to Oligarchy in the 6th century B.C (king)
  • System Of Writing: The Etruscan alphabet developed from a Western variety of the Greek alphabet brought to Italy by Euboean Greeks. The earliest known inscription dates were from the middle of the 6th century BC. Most Etruscan inscriptions are written in horizontal lines from right to left, but some are boustrophedon (running alternately left to right then right to left). More than 10,000 Etruscan inscriptions have been found on tombstones, vases, statues, mirrors and jewelry. Etruscan texts can be read: i.e. the pronunciation of the letters is known, though scholars are not sure what all the words mean.
  • Technology/Contributions: By the 9th century BC, Etruscans had mastered mining and the working of bronze and iron. During the Archaic and Classical periods (6th-4th centuries BC), foreign trade stimulated new technologies such as: goldsmithing, glassmaking, mass production of terracotta tiles and urns, and monumental stone carving. Metal crafting and pottery continued to grow as well.

Primary Source: System Of Writing

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Artifacts

This is an example of what the Etruscans would wear.

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This is an example of Jewelry the Etruscans made.

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This is an example of some of the things the Etruscans made.

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Bronze figure of a priest.

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Primary Source Document:

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Conclusion:

In conclusion the Etruscans were very important. They influenced our world today with their technology developments such as the use of bronze and iron.

Citations:

  • "The Religion of the Etruscans." Google Books. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • "Science Buzz." Italy before the Romans. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • "Journey to Ancient Civilizations." : Etruscany. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • "Etruscan Technology and Engineering ." Etruscans Technology. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • "Etruscans." - History for Kids! N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.
  • Blackwell, Amy Hackney. "Etruscans." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 22 Sept. 2014.