Avoiding Infectious Diseases

By: Oliver Chapman & Abby Brown

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Direct Contact

A person can contract diseases by touching, sneezing, kissing, and blood or fluid exchange. A person can also contract diseases by animal bites, scratches, or handling animal waste. One other way a person can receive a disease is the mother to unborn child via the placenta or vagina during birth.


Ways to prevent sickness include to avoid close contact with people who are sick with diseases that are infectious. Also to stay away from others when you are sick to prevent others from catching it and to stay home when you are sick. Washing your hands often also helps spreading diseases.

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Indirect Contact

Germs are able to stay on an inanimate object for up to days. When you touch an object that has been handled by someone who is/was sick. For example, you can pick up any germs that someone has left behind on any object. If you then touch your eyes, nose, or mouth before washing your hands, you may have a chance to become infected.


Ways to prevent sickness

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Insect Bites

Some germs are only passed on from bugs, such as lice, mosquitoes, fleas ticks, and other insects.


Ways to prevent sickness from insect bites are to make sure you are up to date on your immunizations. Insects can carry diseases and with keeping up with vaccinations can help prevent you contracting carried diseases. You should also keep your skin covered and use insect repellent that is safe for your skin.

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Food and Water Contaminations

Diseases can be transmitted by water or food that is contaminated or under cooked. Usually, these diseases are carried by parasites and some bacteria.


Ways to prevent sickness are to make sure foods are properly cooked and to wash your hands often. Another way to prevent the bacteria from contracting is to not touch your eyes, mouth, nose, and any cuts. If you have any you should clean them properly seeing as bacteria can seep into gashes.

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