The Victorian Period

Characteristics of Victorian Period

  1. Literature of this age tends to portray a daily life that reflects practical problems and interests.
  2. Literature becomes a powerful instrument for human progress.
  3. Moral Purpose: The Victorian literature seems to deviate from "art for art's sake" and asserts its moral purpose.
  4. Idealism: It is often considered as an age of doubt and pessimism.
  5. The influence of science is felt here.
  6. The whole age seems to be caught in the conception of man in relation to the universe with the idea of evolution.
  7. Though, the age is characterized as practical and materialistic, most of the writers exalt a purely ideal life. It is an idealistic age where the great ideals like truth, justice, love, brotherhood are emphasized by poets, essayists and novelists of the age.


  • earnestness
  • respectability
  • progress
  • everything in its proper place
  • work ethic
  • restraint
  • duty
  • punctuality

Major Ideas:

  1. expansion of the empire
  2. glorification of war
  3. industrialism
  4. economic prosperity
  5. reform