CELLS ∞

Different Organelles

Cell Membrane

  • Keeps parts of the cell inside the cells
  • Structure: Not a solid, plastic bag-like which is made of Proteins and Phospholipids
  • Found in Plant And Animal cells
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Cell Wall

  • Made of Cellulose
  • Provides a protective frame so the cell can survive
  • Only in Plants
  • Helps the plant keep it's shape, gives support, and protection
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Cytoplasm

  • The fluid that fills the cell
  • Both animal and plant cels have this
  • Different types of fluids are in the cell
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Nucleus

  • Acts like the brain of the cell
  • Controls eating, movement, and reproduction of the cell
  • Not all cells have a nucleus
  • Plant and Animal cells have a nucleus
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Nuclear Membrane

  • the double membrane surrounding the nucleus within a cell
  • Also known as the Nuclear
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Nucleolus

  • the center of the Nucleus
  • makes ribosomal subunits from proteins
  • Nucle "o" lus
  • In both animal and plants have this
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Centrioles

  • Helps the cell wall when it comes time to divide
  • Made of microtubules
  • cannot be seen when the cell is dividing
  • Only in Animals
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Chromatin

  • made of DNA, RNA, and nuclear proteins
  • starts working when the cell divides
  • Condense
  • In both plant and animal
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Ribosomes

  • The protein builders of the cells
  • In both animal and plant cells
  • floats free in the cytoplasm
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Golgi apparatus

  • Combines simple molecules to make them complex molecules
  • In both plant and animal cells
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Endoplasmic reticulum

  • functions as the manufacturing and packaging system of the cell
  • found in both animal and plant cells
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Mitochondria

  • Powerhouse of the cell
  • acts like the digestive system
  • keeps the cell full of energy
  • in both animal and plant cells
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Chloroplast

  • FOOD PRODUCERS OF THE CELL
  • found only in plants
  • works with sunlight to convert it into food.
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Lysosomes

  • Digests things
  • vesicle that hols multiple enzymes
  • in only animal cells
  • works with the Golgi Apparatus
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Peroxisomes

  • Small vesicles found around a cell
  • BREAKS DOWN TOXIC MATERIAL IN THE CELL
  • in both animal and plant cells
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Vaculoe

  • like storage bubbles
  • in both animal and plant cells
  • store waste products so it wont harm the rest of the cell

Cytoskeleton

  • Helps cell maintains its shape
  • CONNECTS TO EVERY ORGANELLE AND EVERY PART OF THE CELL MEMBRANE
  • in both plant and animals
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