Tuberculosis

A contagious bacteria that is fatal

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that is been around for a very long time. It is a bacteria that is spred and it has different forms and there is only one type that is contagious. The disease is fatal and many people die from it.

Locations

Most cases are found in Asia and Africa. Swaziland and India have the most cases. Swaziland has 1,200 cases and India has 2.0million per 100,00 people. America has the lest with only 36 cases.

Statistics

For the people who have TB there is more than a 50% of them die from it. 80% of Asian and African countries test positive for TB. The vaccine that they give people decreaces the infection by 20% and the risk of the infection turning into diseases by nearly 60%.

Symptoms

If you think you have TB the symptoms are; coughing that lasts three or more weeks, coughing up blood, chest pain, or pain with breathing or coughing, unintentional weight loss, fatigue, fever, night sweats, chills, and loss of appetite. If you have most of the symptoms.

Prevention

If you test positive for TB then there is medicine depending on your age. There is only one contagious kind and that is the active kind. If you have TB the active kind to help make sure that other people don't get it you can... stay home, ventilate the room, cover your moulth, wear a mask to contain your germs.

Organs That are Affected

The disease mainly effects the lungs it weekens your immune system. It can also spred to other parts of your body if not treated right away. TB can cause spinal pain, joint damage, swelling of the membranes that cover your brain, liver or kidney problems, heart disorders.

causes

When someone who has TB coughs, sneezes, laughs, speaks, spits, or opens there moulth the bacteria to others around you. It isn't easy to get TB from strangers, but if you live with someone who has TB you have a higher chance of getting it.

History

The earliest case was first dated 17,00 years ago and they know that because the bacteria stays in the body. It has been present in humans since antiquity. They often assoicated TB with vampiers, because when one member of the family died eventualy the others would slowly die and they would be coughing up blood. It was wispered alot in the 19th and 20th centeries most poor people had TB.

Vaccinations

Infants are givin the vaccination to help prevent sever TB. The vaccine is not recomended in the US because it is not effective in adults. BCG is the vaccine that is givin to chirlden. The most common antibiotics are Isoniazd and Rifampicin and treatments can be prolonged, taking sevral months. The vaccine's immunity it induces drcreases after about ten years.

Treated or Cured

Most cases are cured by antibiotics for 6 to 9 weeks. In most cases the people who get it get antibiotics and are able to get better. The disease is mostly cured in the US and

is a bigger problem in Africa and Asia.

Diseases like TB

Latedt TB is like TB but not showing symptoms. M Tuberculosis is the most causactive agent of most cases of TB.

Keeping The Public Safe

To help prevent spreding the disease in the countries that are mainly effected, you could get a vaccine. If you are someone who has it there are antibiotics to help you get better. Most people who have it is is pretty obvious because the symptoms are not normal, but if you have the other kind it might be harder to tell. Most countries don't have a problem with the disease because the vaccine that they give infants.
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