Welcome to Botswana

7th Period - Elizabeth C.

Geography of Botswana

Botswana has mostly flat land although there is some hilly country, where mining is. The Kalahari Desert is in Central and the Southwest. The Okavango Delta is one of the word's largest inland delta's in the Northwest. Botswana's lowest elevation point is the Lompopo river and Shashe river, they are at the height 513m (1,683ft).
Gaborone is the capital of Botswana, Located South East of Botswana. The major towns are Francistown, Lobatse, Selebi Phikwe, and Jwaneng.

Botswana's area is 600,370 square kilometers (231,800 sq mi). The land is 585,000 km2 (226,000 sq mi).

The dry season lasts from April to October in South and to November in the North. The South part of the country is most exposed to cold winds during winter (Early May to Late August). The Temperatures average to around 14*C (57.2*F). The whole country has hot summers with temperatures average to around 26*C (78.8*F). Sunshine is all year round although winter is the sunniest period. The whole country is windy and dusty all dry season.

Botswana's natural resources are diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, and silver.

Botswana's desertification is that there is not enough rainwater in Botswana so they are out. Now they have to drill underground to get underground water. All the Botswana people are thirsty and need water so they are leaving Botswana to get more water to drink.

Botswana History

1966- Independence from Great Britain

2000-Febuary/March- Devastating Floods; More than 60,000 people are made homeless

2004- March - HIV (AIDS) Infection rate falls to 37.5% ; Botswana no longer has the world's highest rate of infection

2008-March- Botswana launches its own diamond trading company- the Diamond Trading Company Botswana (DTCB)

2012- November- Government says it will ban the commercial hunting of wildlife from 2014, citing a sharp decline in animal population

Botswana Culture

Botswana's main ethnic groups are Tswana people (79%), Kalanga people (11%), Basarwa (or Bushmen) (3%). The remaining 7% is other people, including speaking Kgalagadi language and 1% of non-African people.
The holidays in Botswana are,
January 1st - New Years Day
March or April - Good Friday, Easter Monday
May 1st - Labour Day
May or June - Ascension
July 1st - Sir Seretse Khama Day
3rd Monday in July - Presidents' Day
Tuesday After 3rd Monday in July - Presidents' Day Holiday
September 30th - Botswana Day
October 1st - Botswana Day Holiday
December 25th - Christmas Day
December 26th - Boxing Day

The official Language for Botswana is English Language. Another Major language in Botswana is Tswana Language.

Botswana Religion is 70% of Botswana People identify them as Christians, Anglicans, and Methodists. The United Congregational church of Southern Africa make up the majority of Christians.

Botswana National Anthem

♫ Botswana National Anthem ♫


The head leader of Botswana is H.E. Lieutenant General Seretse Khama Lan Khama. The Vice president is Ponatshego Kedikilwe.

How the government is set up in Branches.

The Legislative Branch

The Current Cabinet

The local government

The political parties and elections

The Judicial Branch

The International organization participation

Different Political parties.

The Botswana Democratic party

The Botswana National Front

The Botswana Congress Party

The Botswana Alliance Movement

The Botswana Movement for Democracy

The Botswana people Party

The New Democratic Front

The Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin Movement

The International Socialist Organization (Botswana)


Botswana has the highest average economic growth rate in the world, Averaging about 9% per year from 1966 to 1999.

The biggest Industry in Botswana is the mining industry. They mine Diamonds, copper, gold, nickel, and soda ash.

Botswana Exports Diamonds, Copper, nickel, soda ash, meat, textiles.

Imports are Foodstuff, machinery, electrical goods, transport equipment, textiles, fuel and petroleum products, wood and paper products, and metal products.

Botwana People work teaching, help with computers/internet, charity work, help with Eco project, Elderly care, Building.

Top 5 places to visit in Botswana

Chlobe National Park

Okavango Delta

Tsodilo Hills

Nxai Pan National Park

Tuli Block