Schizophrenia

Meg Ianni

What is schizophrenia?

  • Brain disorder
  • Patients can no longer interpret reality properly
  • Not a Split Personality
~Multiple Personality Disorder or Dissociative Disorder

  • Schizophrenia = split mind
~Refers to disruption of emotions and thinking

Signs & Symptoms

~Hard for doctors to differentiate between Schizophrenia & Dissociative disorder

~DSM: Diagnositic & Statistical manual of mental disorders

Most Common:

  • Delusions & Hallucinations
  • Disorganized thoughts or speech
  • Suicidal thoughts or actions
  • Imaginary voices
  • Withdrawal from friends or of thought
  • Drop in performance (teen schizophrenia)
  • sleeping issues
Correlate with Dissociative Disorder:
  • Suicidal thoughts or actions
  • Imaginary voices
  • Withdrawal of thought
Tie in with Normal Developmental Teen Behavior:
  • Withdrawal from friends or family
  • Drop in school performance
  • Sleeping issues

The 5 types of Schizophrenia

Parinoid~ Delusions, Hallucinations, Paranoia

Disorganized~Confused, Hard time communicating thru thoughts, speech, and behavior

Catatonic~Having abnormal movement and odd ways of walking or standing. May become rigid at times.

Undifferentiated~ Shows some of the symptoms but doesn't fit into any of the top 3 categories.

Residual~ Many have schizophrenic episodes, after no symptoms, and don't fit into any other category.

Treatment

Depends on what Stage of Disorder

Early: Hospitalization

  • to protect from harm against self or others
Later:
  • Medications
  • Therapy
Medications: Neurotransmitter Antagonists

~Newer: Seem to calm the brain cells and have normal activity

  • Aripiprazole (Abilify)
  • Lurasidone (Latuda)
~Conventional: Common Antipsychotics
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Fluphenazine

What will happen in the long term?

Depends on What Age Symptoms Surfaced.

Early: More Damage

  • Long life full of pain and anguish
Later: Less Damage

  • Higher chance of living a relatively symptom-free life
Prevention:No current way to prevent schizophrenia

Why do you need to know about schizophrenia?

  • It's unpredictable
~Anyone can be affected
  • No cause = No solution
~Only coping mechanisms

~Medications, therapy, and stress management

  • No one wants to lose a loved one
~Life full of memories down the drain
  • A Question
~Why do people do what they do, and how do diseases or disorders such a schizophrenia affect that?

Citations

Articles:

"Schizophrenia"

"Schizophrenia." Health and Wellness Center. N.p., 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2015. <http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/HWRC/hits?docNum=DU2618720109&aci=flag&tcit=1_1_1_1_1_1&index=BA&locID=lom_accessmich&rlt=1&origSearch=true&t=RK&s=1&r=d&secondary=false&o=&n=10&l=d&searchTerm=2NT>.


"Schizophrenia"

"Schizophrenia." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 24 Jan. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/schizophrenia/basics/definition/con-20021077?p=1>>.


"Dissociative Disorder"

"Dissociative Disorders." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Clinic, 26 Mar. 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2015. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dissociative-disorders/basics/definition/con-20031012?p=1>>.


Pictures:


"Schizophrenia"

"Schizophrenia." Wikipedia. N.p., 10 Dec. 2015. Web. 12 Dec. 2015. <https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophrenia>.



"Schizophrenia"

Goldberg, Joseph. "Schizophrenia Health Center Slideshow: A Visual Guide to Schizophrenia." WebMd. N.p., 2014. Web. 12 Dec. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/schizophrenia/ss/slideshow-schizophrenia-overview>.