Ancient Mesopotamia

The First Hunter-Gatherers in the world

The First Pre-Civilization

Mesopotamia was the first civilization in the world. It started in 5,000 BC to about 1250 BC. They invented simple machines like the hand axe, cart and the wheel and axle, so the Mesopotamians are key inventors for the world now.

Mesopotamia

Hunter-Gathering communities

The Mesopotamians were the first Hunter-Gatherers in the world which meansthat they were the first civilization which could settle in one place. They usually setteled near rivers and lakes.

Mesopotamian Artifacts

Mesopotamians

The End of Mesopotamians

The Fall of Mesopotamia The following contributed to the fall of Mesopotamia:    (1.)Overcrowding led to pollution.   (2.)    War-like tribes trying to conquer land.   (3.)   Too much irrigation. They had irrigated all the way to the sea and the soil was ruined by salt.

Citations

 (1.) Moses, Alex. Mesopotamia. 2013. Photograph. The British Museum, Great Russell Street, WC. Web. 15 Apr 2013. http://www.pleasantridge.k12.ca.us/classrooms/Student_links/Alex_Moses/Web_Pages/Social Studies Pages/mesopotamia_social_studies6_AM.html.       (2.) "Administrative tablet with cylinder seal impression of a male figure, hunting dogs, and boars [Mesopotamia] (1988.433.1)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1988.433.1 (October 2006)(3.) "Head of a ram [Mesopotamia] (1981.53)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1981.53 (October 2006)      (4.) "Seated statue of Gudea [Probably Tello (ancient Girsu), southern Mesopotamia] (59.2)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/59.2 (October 2006)  (5.)  Early Humans Unit: Discovering How Sumerian City-States Emerged. N.d. Photograph. World History, Coventry. Web. 18 Apr 2013.     (6.)Kane, Ally. Humans & Early Tools. N.d. Photograph. Welcome to Your New Wiki!Web. 19 Apr 2013. https://apworldrhs12.wikispaces.com/.    (7,)   Hays, Jeffrey. EDUCATION IN MESOPOTAMIAN. 2009. Photograph. MESOPOTAMIAN EDUCATION, HEALTH, TRANSPORTATIONWeb. 19 Apr 2013. http://factsanddetails.com/world.php?itemid=1515.    (7.)Hays, Jeffrey. SCIENCE, MATH, TIME AND MEASUREMENT IN MESOPOTAMIA. 2009. Photograph. SCIENCE, MATH, TIME AND MEASUREMENT IN MESOPOTAMIAWeb. 19 Apr 2013. http://factsanddetails.com/world.php?itemid=1511&catid=56.