How a bill is made DAvid and Andrew

The process behind the scenes of congress (passing a bill)

The law begins

A bill starts as a idea and then the bill is written. Anyone, a person or a representative, but only a member of the General Assembly may introduce a bill for consideration by the General Assembly.

The bill is proposed

Then the bill needs a sponsor. A member of the General Assembly becomes the bill's sponsor. The Attorney General or the Legislative Services Commission's Bill Drafting Division office may help in the drafting the bill.

The bill is introduced

A bill is introduced when it is placed on a hopper, a special box on the clerks desk. A member of the House or Senate introduces the bill. The intrfoduction is known as it's first reading

Bill goes to the committee

When the bill reaches the committee they review and research it to make sure it is worthy enough. Then the vote on whether or not it should go to the house floor.If the committee members would like more information before deciding if the bill should be sent to the House floor, the bill is sent to a subcommittee While in subcommittee, the bill is closely examined and expert opinions are gathered before it is sent back to the committee for approval. They can kill the bill, public hearing, and change the bill.

The bill is voted on by the House of Representatives.

This is to decide whether or not the bill will go to the senate the the President of the United States. Some of the congressmen do the filly-buster when the person just gets up and talks and talks about random things until eventually the bill dies.

Conference commitee

When a bill reaches the U.S. Senate, it goes through many of the same steps it went through in the U.S. House of Representatives. The bill is discussed in a Senate committee and then reported to the Senate floor to be voted on.

Senators vote by voice. Those who support the bill say “yea,” and those who oppose it say “nay.” If a majority of the Senators say “yea,” the bill passes in the U.S. Senate and is ready to go to the President.

The bill is then sent to the President of the United States

When a bill reaches the President, he has three choices. He can:

  1. Sign and pass the bill then the bill becomes a law.
  2. Refuse to sign, or veto, the bill then the bill is sent back to the House of Representatives, along with the President’s reasons for the veto. If the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate still believe the bill should become a law, they can hold another vote on the bill. If two-thirds of the Representatives and Senators support the bill, the President’s veto is overridden and the bill becomes a law.
  3. Do nothing if Congress is in session, the bill automatically becomes law after 10 days. If Congress is not in session, the bill does not become a law.