The Vietnam War
By Robbie Coens, Steven Arterbery, & Jason Hogle
Important Points of the Vietnam War
In 1969, U.S. President Richard Nixon took office an introduced a new strategy called vietnamization Through this strategy, President Nixon attempted to put an end to American involvement in the Vietnam War by training and strengthening South Vietnamese soldiers to be able to defend themselves from communist takeover. In 1973, the U.S. negotiated a treaty with Northern Vietnam and withdrew American troops. The vietnamization process was complete, but soon after in 1975, South Vietnam fell to communist forces.
Agent Orange was a powerful American mixture of chemical defoliants that was used by American forces to wipe out forest cover and to poison crops of the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong Troops. This operation, codenamed Operation Ranch Hand, was an American defoliation operation that sprayed more than 19 million gallons of herbicides over 4.5 million acres of Vietnam land from 1961 to 1972. The most commonly used and effective herbicide mixtures contain the chemical dioxin which was later known to cause serious health issues such as tumors, birth defects, psychological symptoms, and cancer among the vietnam population and U.S. servicemen and their families.
Women in the War
According to the Vietnam’s Women Memorial Foundation, although little official data exists about the Women Vietnam Veterans, they estimate that approximately 11,000 women were stationed in Vietnam during the war. 90 percent of the women served as military nurses, and others served as physicians, air traffic controllers, intelligence officers, clerks, and other positions in the U.S. Women’s Army Corps, U.S. Navy, Air Force, and Marines and Army Medical Specialist Corps. In addition to these women, other civilian women served in Vietnam on behalf of the Red Cross, United Service Organizations (USO), Catholic Relief Services, and other humanitarian organizations, as well as for various news organizations as foreign correspondents.
Weapons in the Vietnam War
Vietnam War Protests
The movement against the Vietnam War had begun small. At first only small groups of people had protested and marched against the war, but later had started to become nationally supported after 1965. In the next three years, groups of activists had various support throughout the nation, and peaked in early 1968, when victory for the U.S. was surely not in sight.
My Lai Massacre
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution on August 7, 1964 gave approval to the congress for expansion on the Vietnam War. Military planners developed attacks on Northern Vietnam later that spring, but President Lyndon B. Johnson and his advisors feared that expansion on the war would not be supported by the public. But by that summer rebel forces had controlled over half of South Vietnam, and Barry Goldwater, the Republican nominee for president, criticized Johnson and his advisors by not taking the approach of expansion.
Operation Rolling Thunder
A strategic bombing campaign where U.S. military aircraft attacked targets throughout North Vietnamese between 1965 and 1968. This put pressure on North Vietnam’s communist leaders to reduce their ability to continue fighting against U.S. supported South Vietnam governments. Operation rolling thunder was America’s first assault on North Vietnam and expanded involvement in the Vietnam War. Some believe this operation had a great effect on almost crippling North Vietnam’s ability to fight, while others believe the operation only had small effects.
The Battle of Khe Sanh
People of the Vietnam War
Ho Chi Minh
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson was the 36 president after John F. Kennedy death. Upon taking office, Johnson, a Texan who had served in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate He introduced medicare and head start which helped education, civil rights, and health. But he was mainly know for the failure to lead the nation out of vietnam. He did not run for a second term.