Type 1 Diabetes

Jordan Floyd and Audrey Vendetti

Diabetes Background and Affects

Diabetes is a disease you get from your heredity and your environment. When you eat food, it is turned into glucose. Usually, the body would signal the pancreas to release insulin in order to lower the blood glucose level. However, if you have type 1 diabetes, your body produces very little to no insulin. Therefore, your blood glucose level will not lower on it's own. This results in you having high blood glucose levels. Living with diabetes limits you from some daily activities and freedoms, so you have to be very careful if you have this disease.

Symptoms and Signs of Diabetes

  • Excessive thirst or hunger
  • Increased urination
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Fatigue
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Vision changes, including blurry eyesight
  • Slow-healing sores and increased rate of infections
  • Nausea, vomiting, and stomach pains

Diabetic Diet Recommendations

If you are diabetic, there are many foods that you should avoid and many foods that you should be sure to get in your daily diet. For example, you should eat foods that contain unsaturated fats, protein, carbohydrates, and fiber. These foods include nuts, beans, meats, and breads. However, you have to watch/regulate how many carbohydrates you take in. Foods you should avoid are foods high in sugar and saturated fats. For example, dairy products like cheese and butter are very high in saturated fats. Therefore, you should watch how much of those you take in as well.

Blood Sugar Monitoring and Adjustments

Monitoring and adjusting your blood sugar levels are important in order to make sure your blood sugar levels are under control and not getting out of hand. In addition to controlling your blood sugar levels, these monitors and adjustments help to understand more about diabetes and the ways it affects your body. There are no specific times or number of times that you should test your blood sugar levels and they can be changed daily. However, most kids with diabetes test their blood sugar before breakfast, lunch, and dinner. If you are sick, you may need to check it more often though. A healthy persons range for their blood glucose level is around 100. However, if you are diabetic, your goals is to try to keep your levels below 200 as much as possible. If your glucose levels get to high, you could get infections, have impaired vision, nerve damage, eye damage, and much more. Therefore, you have to watch your blood glucose levels very carefully.
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Physical Activity and a Good Lifestyle Truly Helps

Performing physical activity and staying fit is very important to your overall health if you have diabetes. While you exercise, your cells remove glucose from your bloodstream. In addition, it helps insulin work more efficiently. Aerobic exercises are recommended over any other time of exercise. This includes exercises like running, swimming, dancing, and hiking. In addition to exercising, maintaining a good lifestyle will also help your overall health with diabetes. There are many aspects that having a good lifestyle. For example, having proper nutrition, performing physical activities, not smoking, and reducing your amount of stress all contribute to having a good and healthy lifestyle. Doing all of this will help you and your health if you have diabetes.

Jobs that Assist Diabetics

There are many jobs that assist diabetics in order to help them live a healthy and happy life. One example of these careers is nutritionist or dietician. In this job, someone would help you create a healthy diet that is full of nutrition and modify previous diets. Their job is to make sure that their patient doesn't have an unhealthy diet, which can lead to a diabetic having health problems and complications. Another example of these careers is an endocrinologist. In this job, a specialist manages, diagnoses, and treats pancreas diseases like diabetes. This doctor would tell you if you have diabetes and give you lifestyle tips on how to treat this disease. The last example of these careers is a podiatrist. A podiatrist is a doctor who specializes in problems with the foot and ankle and treats them. Some of the symptoms of diabetes include swollen feet and ankles, change in color of the skin on the feet, and numbness of the feet and ankles. Diabetics would come to this podiatrist and get treatment for these symptoms and problems.