Evolution Project

Sydney Lambert, Emma Jett, Jordan Gleason, & McKenna Lines

Paleontologist

Fossils are the remains of once living things, they are called "historical documents".
  • The discovered fossils can be used to tell when the organism was once living and where they were living.
  • The fossils can be used to tell the conditions in which they were living in
Fossils can construct the development of evolution
  • Reptile fossils can resemble dinosaur fossils
  • Bird fossils can resemble flying dinosaurs
Paleontologist study fossils from former geologic periods.


Molecular Biologist

Molecular Biologist study of the evolutionary relationships focusing on genes.
  • "The protein cytochrome c, essential for aerobic respiration..." Certain blood proteins found in all organisms give evidence that they descended from a common ancestor.
  • Scientist compared the biochemistry of universal blood proteins, it revealed evidence of degrees of relatedness between different species.
  • "Similarities between living species, in ancestry, in homologous and vestigial structures, in embryological development and in biochemical compounds-- All could be explained as coincidence but a far more probable explanation is that species have arisen by descent and modification." All of these things relate to things known from genetics and therefore are good examples of something a Molecular Biologist would find for the theory of evolution.




Biogeographer

Biogeographers mostly study the location of where species are.
  • Just like how plants in different places of the world have common ancestors.
  • Also the absence of some species from environments that would suit them, and closer relationships between species that are geographically near each other than between species that inhabit similar environments.

Anatomist

An Anatomist is someone who specializes in anatomy, which is the branch of science concerned with the bodily structure of humans, animals and other organisms
The anatomy of the human arm is similar to the structure of the crocodile and wale arm. The functions of similar as well.
The wing of a butterfly and the wing of a bat are shape similarly. But the structure is not the same in bones because butterflies don't have bones. But since they both have wings it's significant because their ancestors were probably the same as they are now.
The cave fish and minnow fish are almost identical but the minnow fish has a longer body and has eyes. This is significant because their ancestors were the same in structure but they branched out.