The 3 Branches of Government

Emily Pierce


In 1788, our founding fathers came together to form the government we have today. Our government consists of three branches: the Executive, the Legislature, and the Judicial. Each branch of our government plays an important role to how our country is run. The three branches of government are like a giant scale they keep the power balanced out so one isn't as powerful as the other. The Executive Branch includes the President of the United States, he conducts foreign and domestic affairs and enforces the laws. The Legislative Branch is cut into two different parts, the Senate and the House of Representatives; these people make the laws we must obey. The third and final branch is the Judicial Branch, the Judicial Branch interpret the laws and consists of the nation's courts and judges.

Explanation on Why the Founding Father Created the Constitution

Our founding fathers first sat down to make a new government for us. They believed the government couldn't be too strong because that is why they left England in the first place. Their first attempt was the Articles of Confederation, but this did not provide enough power to a centralized government, so they made the Constitution. The founding fathers felt it was important to create a government that had three branches so that one was not more powerful than the other, the three branches are made to balance each other out.


The Executive Branch consists of the President of the United States, the President receives bills from the Legislative Branch and he has the option to either veto or sign the bill into a law. The Legislative Branch is made of two groups; the Senate and the House of Representatives. The two groups read bills and vote on whether the bill should be a law. It they sent it the President and the law gets vetoed they can override the veto with a 2/3 vote. Once the law is passed it goes to the Judicial Branch. The Judicial Branch interprets the law and makes sure the law is constitutional.

Executive Branch in the News

Texas leads a coalition of states in a lawsuit against President Obama (Executive Branch) immigration actions.