Salmonella Enterica (aka. Food poisoning) is a gram-negative, rod-shaped (bacillli) bacteria. It is under Domain Bacteria, Kingdom Eubacteria, Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Enterobacteriales, Family Enterobacteriaceae, Genus Salmonella, Species Enterica. It is classified as gram-negative because it has a cell wall made of peptidoglycan and takes on the color of a counterstain in Gram’s staining method.
Infects intestinal cells and causes damage to outsides of intestinal cells.
Symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhea
About 76 million cases of food-related illnesses are caused by this bacterium and other food related pathogens in the US annually.
About 1500 people die each year from food poisoning
You can take diarrhea medication, but usually food poisoning does not need much more than monitoring for changes in symptoms, etc.
The influenza virus is an RNA virus. It is spherical and has envelope proteins on the outside.
- Virus infects cells in the throat, nose and ears
- Symptoms include fever, cough, congestion, fatigue, headache, etc.
- causes about 200,000 hospitalizations and 30,000 deaths annually
- Treated usually with rest and fluids, but medications for symptoms are available
2. Bacteria: Is living, has cell wall and membrane Both: have DNA Virus: Non-living, has capsid
3. Bacteria fulfill all characteristics of life. They are able to respond to the environment, they can grow, can reproduce on their own, have a metabolism, etc. Viruses cannot grow and reproduce without hijacking a living cell's organelles to do it for them.