The Water Crisis
Water is the foundation of life
Because of physical water scarcity, 1 billion people in the world don't have access to drinking water. Now you may be wondering what physical water scarcity means, it means when water is not available to everyone that needs it. This is a growing problem, with a lot of consequences to the future of our developing world. In 2020, 2/3 of the world's population may face physical water scarcity, that's only 4 years from now.
Physical Water Scarcity Around the World
Currently California is in its fifth year of a severe drought. On January 17, 2014 the California State Governor declared a drought state of emergency, meaning the governor believed that the disaster is bad enough to require state aid.
India Water Crisis
India is home to one of the biggest water scarcity issues in the world. A study by NASA showed that Northern India is home to the most underground water spring shortages.
From the late 1990's to the mid 2000s the drought in Australia (Millennium drought) is said to be one of the worst recorded droughts since settlement. The drought was very severe and effected mostly southern Australia.
India Water Crisis
how might we, as humans, continue to have a healthy supply of water?
There are many ways that all of us can help to have a better supply of water...
- Turn the tap off while brushing your teeth
- If it's yellow let it mellow
- Minimize the length of your showers
- Don't run the dishwasher until its full
- Use less electricity (power plants take thousands of gallons of water to cool)
You can also come up with you own ways to conserve water.
A roof water filtration system to collect rain water and/or snow. It flows from the eaves trough to a pipe that filters with activated charcoal to create clean drinking water. Did you know? 1 inch of rain water on a 2000 sq. ft. roof equals 1250 gallons of water?
The Eco Umbrella. The rain water falls into a small hole on the top of the umbrella. It flows through the rod into a water holding backpack with a filter inside to create clean drinking water. When the pack gets heavy you can close the hole that the water enters. It also has a straw that connects to the water pack to drink from.
We can send some of the water we collect to places living in water scarcity.
With these ideas, you can keep a storage tank of water for the future, because we will be going into water scarcity if we don't start saving!
Did you know?
- It takes 2900 gallons of water to make one pair of jeans.
- Every 10 seconds a child dies due to water related diseases.
- 90% of the worlds fresh water supply is in Antarctica.
- 97% of the world's water is salt water, in other words, it's undrinkable.
- Water regulates the earth's temperature.
- The average total water use for a single person a day is 50 gallons of water.