Middle Ages

By: Jaclyn Tauren

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Feudal System

There is four levels of the Feudal System the highest is the King and the bottom is the peasants. From highest to lowest: Kings, Lords and Nobles, Knights, then peasants.


King- The king was the ruler of the land and he made laws and owned all of the land. He rich Nobles and Lords fief which is an area of land for them to have and they would have the peasants plant for them.


Lords and Nobles- Since the King gave them this land they had to supply the King with soldiers and horses to make a strong army for their empire. Sometimes, the Nobles and Lords would give land to soldiers but they would have to protect land for them.


Knights- Since the knights were provided with land, food, and protection the Knights would protect the land of the king and Nobles and fight for them in return.


Peasants- They farmed and worked on the land of the classes above them in return of food and shelter.

The Life of a Knight and a Soldier

Knight- The daily life of a knight followed roughly the same schedule as a his lord or noble. The life of a knight started at dawn whenever mass was and they prayed shortly after they had breakfast. After, they would have weapon practice and then the knights would learn war strategies and increased their knowledge on warfare and weapons. In the afternoon, the knights would increase their horsemanship and accompany their lord or noble in hunting, hawking, or inspecting their estate. In the evening they would have supper which was followed with entertainment such as dancing, jugglers, acrobats, etc. Then to end the day they would pray then go to sleep.


Soldier- There were several kinds of soldiers: foot soldiers, archers, pikemen, and, the knights. The knights job was to fight for their lord and protect them. Foot soldiers fought on foot using swords, spears, axes, and daggers. Archers were positioned in the back and used longbows and crossbows to fire arrows overhead towards the opposing side. Pikemen held long spear weapons called pikes to form a protecting wall of menacing points.

Roman Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Church was the main religion during the middle ages. The Roman Catholic Church during this time pretty much dominated and controlled everything such as religion, philosophy, morals, politics, art, education, etc. The pope was the head of the Roman Church which often led to disputes with the King. The Pope thought they he should have control over religion but the King disagreed. The fight was basically over the bishops and abbots for the countries.

The Causes and Effects of the Crusades

Causes

  • Chivalry
  • Europe's land was decreasing so they wanted to expand into the Holy Land
  • The Christian Knights saw this as an opportunity to become rich and serve their God
  • Capture of Constantinople for easier access to Europe and better trade routes
Effects

  • More tension and distrust between the Muslims and Christians
  • The Pope became more popular and powerful because the first crusade was successful
  • The Muslims eventually conquer the Byzantine empire because it began to weaken
  • Fighting between Christians

The Plague is Here

The Black Plague is a dangerous disease and it is nearby here is some information to be alert:


Causes- the disease is caused by bacterial strain called Yersinia pestis. This bacteria is found on animals throughout the world and is usually transmitted to humans through fleas.


Symptoms- plague affects the lymph nodes. Within 3 to 7 days of exposure to plague bacteria, you will develop flu-like symptoms such as fever, headache, chills, weakness, and swollen, tender lymph glands.


Transmission- Its commonly spread through the bite of an infected animal or flea. But, it also can be spread through the a piece of clothing infected by someone with the plague or the bacteria and enters through an open cut or wound.

Letter

Dear Editor,

I am at the bottom of the Feudal System otherwise known as a peasant. I am one of the most hard working people yet I still have the hardest working conditions and life. I get very angry because I have to work on the Church Land for free and pay a 10% tax which is a lot for a man like me with no money I usually have to pay in the food I need to feed my family. I also work on land owned by my Lord. The life of me and my family is extremely difficult and harsh.