1968

A Turning Point

Tet Offensive

The Vietcong assault assault on the U.S Embassy marked the start of the Tet Offensive. A series of massive coordinated attracts throughout South Vietnam. The Tet Offensive caused 1986 to become a critical year in the Vietnam War. U.S military leaders began noticing increased traffic on the Ho Chi Minh Trail. In January 1968 thousands of NVA and Vietcong troops struck an isolated U.S military base in Khe Sang. Communist troops surrounded the base and pounded it with artillery fire. Their purpose was to draw U.S, and ARVN forces away from urban areas, where the major strikes were planned.

The Tet Offensive was a turning point because it turned the American media and public against the war and made the military and Johnson seem like a liars after telling everyone we were winning, and the NVA and VC were unable to perform a major assault. Other than that it was a horrible loss for North Vietnam because they lost some of their best troops and they weren't capable of launching a significant attack after that.

Democratic Convention

The Democratic Convention

In August, the remaining candidates fought for the nomination at the Democratic National Convention. The delegates debated between McCarthy and Humphrey. Some people thought McCarthy position in the war showed personal weakness. Others disliked Humphrey because he was too close to Johnson's failed war policies. Outside the hall, chaos erupted in the streets of Chicago. About 10,000 protesters from across the country gathered to demand an immediate end to the war and to pressure the delegates to reject Johnson's Vietnam policies.
Chicago mayor Richard Daley dispatched thousands of police and national guard troops to maintain order. When a huge group of demonstrators attempted to march on the convention, it soon exploded to violence. Some three rocks and bottles at the police. The police clubbed demonstrators with rifle butts and clubs and used tear gar to disperse the crowd . Television reporters and camera crew recorded the violence.

Assassination of Robert Kennedy

Kennedy, the Democratic front runner, celebrates his victory in the California primary with a speech at the Ambassador Hotel. Then Kennedy is gunned down in the hotel kitchen. Restaurant worker Juan Romero comforts the fatally wounded senator.
It was a turning point because it was another Kennedy who was assassinated so it was a big deal to the people. He was in JFK position at the time and he ended up being assassinated like him.

Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

By King's disappointing Chicago campaign, he went to Memphis Tennessee in March 1968 to aid African American sanitation workers who were on strike against discrimination in the city's work. King led a march to city hall on March 28 and then remained in Memphis to speak at a rally on April 3. The next day James Earl Ray killed King as he stood on the balcony of his motel. Within hours, rioting began to happen as African Americans responded to the assassination.



This event was a turning point because the African Americans started to riot out for what happened to their leader. And they started being seen differently.

Election of 1968

After Johnson withdrew from the 1968 presidential campaign, his vice president Hubert Humphrey entered the race. The Vietnam War was a key issue among voters. Democratic rivals, Senators Eugene McCarthy and Robert Kennedy called for a rapid end to the war. When Kennedy announced his candidacy, he explained his position on Vietnam.



This event was a turning point because Kennedy quickly gained ground in the race by winning primaries in Indiana and Nebraska. In June he won the crucial California primary.