The Dust Bowl

A tragic disaster.

Droughts

A drought is an extended period of time where an area has a water deficiency either underground water or surface water. Droughts usually happen when an area receives less then average rainfall. Droughts can have a huge impact on ecosystems and agriculture in the area being effected by the drought.

The Dust Dowl

The dust bowl, or the, "Dirty Thirties," was a drought that also caused severe dust storms across the Canadian and American praries. These dust storms looked like black clouds moving very quickly, many people moved form their homes in that area because of the storm, and those who stayed would usually get very sick or even die from all the dust getting in their lungs. April 14 1935, was refered to as, "Black Sunday," because of the dust stroms that spread across the U.S.A that day. These dust storms would occur in the midwest areas of the U.S.A and Canada, due to the dorught in these areas at the time, but the rapid winds would even carrie the dust into eastern areas, such as New York City and Washington D.C, and sometimes even end up in the Atlantic Ocean. The dust bowl was not only caused by the drought going on at the time, It was also caused by poor farming. The farmers who were farming in the grasslands at the time, were extensively deep plowing the natural grassland topsoil, displaced the native deep rooted grasses that would normally keep soil in it's place, and keep moisture even in a peirod of drought. Due to the fact that the soil could no longer hold it's moisture, it turned into dust, and everytime the wind blew in that area, it created giant dust clouds that would sweep over large areas. The dust bowl lasted for about six to ten years, (it was different depending on where you were.) The drought that caused the storms started in 1930, and for some unlucky people, lasted until 1940.