The Taiga: Largest Biome on Earth

By Amanda Loedding

What's it like in the taiga?

The taiga stretches across the northern part of North America and Eurasia, and it's the largest biome on earth.

Animals and Plants in the Taiga

There are many animals that make the taiga their home. The most common are the American Black bear, the bald eagle, the bobcat, the Canadian lynx, the gray wolf, the grizzly bear, the long-eared owl, the red fox, the river otter, the snowshoe rabbit, and the wolverine.

Predator/Prey

In the taiga biome, there are a lot of predator/prey relationships. The gray wolf eats rabbits, as well as the bobcat. The long-eared owel eats rodents and mice. The rabbit is eaten by fox and wolverines. The bald eagle also preys on small animals such as rodents and mice.

Climate

In the taiga, the climate is mild, with summer and winter. While fall and spring do occur, they are very short. In the winter, the lowest that the temperature gets to be is -65 degrees Fahrenheit, and the highest is 30 degrees Fahrenheit. In the summer, the lowest that the temperature gets to be is 30 degrees Fahrenheit, while its highest is 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The average annual rainfall in the taiga is 12-33 inches, mostly falling in the summer rather than the winter.

Global Importance

The taiga biome is very important because it has a lot of trees which produce oxygen. Many of these trees are also used to build houses and as Christmas trees.

Threats to the Taiga

One of the main threats to the taiga is humans. The taiga is basically a huge forest that runs across the top of North America and Eurasia. Humans are cutting down these trees to expand cities, they are releasing toxins and acids into the air which harm the animals and environment in the taiga.