Lithium

Discovered by Johann August Arfvedson in 1817 in Sweden

Periodic Table Information

The symbol for Lithium is Li. Lithium has an atomic of three and an atomic mass of seven. It has three protons, three electrons, and four neutrons. Lithium is in group one and period two. Lithium is a member of the alkali metal family.

Properties & Uses

Lithium is soft and silvery in appearance. It is the least dense of the metals. It is highly reactive and freshly cut sides oxidize quickly. It's flames are crimson, but after a while turn white. It does not occur freely in nature. Lithium is used in ion batteries and is used as an alloy with many other elements to make aircraft parts.

Models

Fun Facts

The name Lithium comes form the Greek 'lithos' meaning stone.

Lithium is the only alkali metal that reacts with nitrogen.

Lithium-carbonate is used to treat bipolar disorder.

Citations

"Lithium: Historical Information." Lithium»historical Information [WebElements Periodic Table]. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2015.

"Lithium - Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table." Lithium - Element Information, Properties and Uses | Periodic Table. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2015.

"Lithium Element Facts." Chemicool. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Dec. 2015.

"Lithium (Li) | Chemical Element." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.

"Bohr Model." Bohr Model. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.

"Lithium Atom." Element Lithium Protons Neutrons 3d Model. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.