New York: Middle Colony
The colony that the British renamed New York was originally settled by people from the Netherlands. The Netherlands (often called Holland) is a country in Northern Europe. Its people are called Dutch.
Why did people want this land
The Dutch came to this colony to set up fur-trading posts. The British, however, wanted this land so that English settlers in New England could move westward. In 1664, the British captured the colony. The king gave the land to his brother, the Duke of York.
Why was it such a good place to settle
- New York' geography made it an excellent place for a colony.
- New York Harbor was ideal for shipping and trade.
- The valleys of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers were well suited to farming and trade.
- Iron, a useful mineral, was available to be mined (dug out of the ground).
- Winters in New York were cold.
- Summers in New York were hot and humid (moist).
- Long growing season in valleys and along the coast made farming easier than in New England.
- New York's economy offered good jobs for some people but also used the unpaid work of others.
- Some New Yorkers worked as farmers, miners, lumberman, sailors, trappers, merchants and craftsmen.
- Some of these workers were indentured servants or African slaves.
- Colonists had little say in New York's government. The colony had a powerful governor who was appointed to British royalty. The governor who appointed other officials and enforced laws.
Farmers grew wheat, corn, vegetables, and tobacco.