Prehistoric

Hannah Essick & Will Benton

dates: 40,000 - 3,000 B.C.E.


Scholars are still unsure of the purpose of prehistoric art but many theorize that the drawings of animals were associated with hunting and survival.


Prehistoric art mainly involved paintings on cave walls but some pottery and small sculptures have also been documented.


Paintings were created by applying mixtures of dirt, charcoal, saliva, and animal fat to cave walls using feathers, hands, animal hair brushes, and twigs.

Main Locations:

The distribution of ancient cave art is relatively patchy but many sites can be found in France, Spain and Portugal.