A Nervous System Disorder
What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a long lasting medical condition marked by epileptic seizures. It is a severe medical condition that can be diagnosed after an individual suffers two or more seizures. An epileptic seizure occurs when an altered brain function caused by abnormal, or excessive, electrical discharges from brain cells. Epilepsy is a common disorder that affects up to 1% of the United States population. Medicines can control seizures in about 70% of epilepsy patients.
How Does A Person Get Epilepsy?
Epilepsy can be inherited due to uncorrelated blood vessels near the brain. It can also be influenced by environmental factors such as; brain injury, dehydration, exhaustion, sleep deprivation and drug uses. Epilepsy has been linked to multiple counts of marijuana use. Another environmental factor that can contribute to a person being diagnosed with epilepsy is getting a concussion.
What's Going Wrong?
An epileptic seizure occurs when an altered brain function caused by abnormal, or excessive, electrical discharges from brain cells. Neurotransmitters are altered in the disorder. Seizures can result from a genetic predisposition in a healthy person or as a consequence of widespread disturbance of brain function.
Can We Treat Epilepsy?
Medicines can control seizures in about 70% of epilepsy patients. Some patients have uncontrollable epilepsy and may suffer up tp twenty seizures a day. In this case, most doctors recommend epilepsy surgery. This can sometimes provide a "cure" by eliminating the source of seizures and epilepsy. Surgery is not always successful, and in most cases is only a temporary fix. Surgery could affect a persons daily life, such as; educational, intellectual and physiological. During surgery, surgeons cut off the neurotransmitter causing epileptic seizures.
How Does Epilepsy Affect The Patient & Their Family?
Epilepsy can vary when it comes to how it affects the individual and their family. On a scale from 1 to 10, 10 being the worst, epilepsy affects me daily. I take medicine twice a day, and I have to get at least eight hours of sleep. Anyone with epilepsy is given a set of guidelines to follow, to better themselves from suffering from seizures. This list includes: getting enough sleep, drinking a lot of water, eat healthy, staying away from caffeinated beverages and take your medicine, if you have it.
Facts About Epilespy
- 1 in 26 Americans will develop epilepsy in their lifetime.
- Epileptic seizures lasting less than 20 minutes are not known to damage the brain.
- Epilepsy is more common in younger children and older adults.
- 50,000 people die each year from epileptic seizures.
- Most deaths occur during the seizure, the patient may fall and hit their head.
- Americans spend 15.5 billion dollars each year treating epilepsy.
- 2.5 to 3 million people in the US have epilepsy.
- Brain infections, head injuries, vascular diseases and dementia are the leading causes to epilepsy.
- 60% of patients respond well to antibiotics preventing seizures.
- 50% of patients are able to wing off of their medicine after 2-5 years.