Reptiles vs Amphibians

Elsha han

Introduction

Reptiles and amphibians may look the same and people may get them confused, but there is a huge difference between them.

By looking at this picture you might not know the difference between them, but even if you look at the picture you can tell which one is reptile and which one is amphibian just by the physical features.

Similarities

Some things that reptiles and amphibians have in common is that they are:

  • they have keen eyesight- Many lizards which are reptiles and frogs which are amphibians have sharp eyesight which is crucial for their precise capture of prey by flicking their tongues.
  • they have similar defensive traits- Both reptiles and amphibians use camouflage, biting, and inflating of the body to avoid predation. Lizards (reptiles) and salamanders (amphibians) both have the ability to autotomize which is a voluntary removal of the tail.
  • they are both cold blooded or ectothermic.
  • they are chordate which means that an animal that possess a spinal column.
  • they can alter their skin color which helps in camouflage and can help with their body temperature just like different type of frogs and also chameleons.

lizards and salamander

Frog and Chameleons

Difference

There was lot of similarities between the reptiles and amphibians, but there is lots of difference between them too like

  • warning signs that use

  • attack method

  • eggs

  • appearance

  • gill or lungs

  • feeding

Reptiles

Warning sign

Reptiles warning sign is to release a foul smell; or they hiss and shake their tail tip like the rattlesnake. several species of the horned lizard are able to squirt foul tasting blood from their eyes ot ward off predators.

Attack method

After using the warning signs and the predators are still there, that is when the reptiles will attack them. They attack the predators by using their strong jaws, claws, venom, and/or whip their enormously powerful tails to subdue attackers or prey just like snapping turtle, alligator, and snakes.

Egg

Reptiles and amphibians eggs are different too, reptiles lay hard shelled eggs and their young are smaller versions of the adults, so they just need to gain the size to become an adult like turtles

Appearance

Reptiles, have dry, thick skin made of waterproof scales. they live on and, in warm places where they can bask n the sun, an example will be crocodiles.

Feeding

How they eat are different too. For reptiles like snakes, snakes are able to disjoin their upper and lower jaw to swallow the large prey whole.

Amphibians

Warning signs that use

Amphibians don't really have a warning sing, because their slippery skin makes it difficult for a predator to grasp and if the predator do grab them, the amphibians go to attack mode.

Attack method

When grabbed, the amphibian secrets a vile tasting, sometimes toxic substance through the skin, hopefully resulting in rejection by a predator, an example will be a newt.

Eggs

Soft eggs normally laid in water or in damp media. The amphibian egg is a yolk sac enveloped in one or more layers of a clear, jelly-like covering. The egg capsule is permeable to water and gases.

Appearance

Amphibians have no scales and they live in damp places where their skin won’t dry out. Moist, smooth or rough skin sometimes with sticky mucous glands that secret waterproof coating to keep skin moist.

Gill or Lungs

Amphibians live "double lives" one in water with gills and the other on land by growing lungs as they age like the frog since they are born in the water, but as they grow they develop lungs.