Uganda Be Kidding Me!

Ugandas Location & Features

Uganda is located between the eastern and western sections of Africa’s Great Rift Valley which is along the equator. The country shares borders with Sudan to the north, Kenya to the east, Tanzania and Rwanda to the south, the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, and Lake Victoria to the southeast. Uganda is a well-watered country. Almost one-fifth of the total area, or 44,000 square kilometers, is open water or swampland. Highlights includes Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world as well as Lake Kyoga in central Uganda, and Lake Albert on Uganda's west coast.

Uganda's Climate

Uganda's climate is Tropical. Its temperatures are typically 21-25 degrees. Its hottest months are December-February. Most of Uganda, except the dry area in the north, have an annual rainfall between 1,000mm and 2,000mm. There is heavy rain between March and May and between October and November. At these certain times of the year, this weather can make it difficult for people to do different everyday things. One of the major ones, being traveling.
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Political

Uganda has a democratic republic government. Their president is Yoweri Museveni. A democratic republic is basically just a country that is both a republic and a democracy. It is where ultimate authority and power is derived from the citizens, and the government itself is run through elected officials. The people in this country have some authority, it is just limited.

Culture

Uganda has many ethnic groups and over 30 different languages. However, English and Swahili are the two official languages. Swahili is a used like a communication link with the country’s Eastern neighbors which are Kenya and Tanzania, where it's also spoken. The largest group in Uganda takes up about a fifth of the population and they are the Buganda. They live in the Kampala region and they speak Luganda. Other Bantu-speaking groups include the Ankole, Toro, Banyoro and Basoga and to the east and north, there is the Nilotic/Cushitic origin, including the Teso, Karimojong, Acholi and Lango. Religion plays an important part of daily life in Uganda. Over four-fifths of Uganda's population is Christian and they are all either Protestant or Catholic. Around 10% of Uganda's population is Muslims. The literacy rate in Uganda is about 66.8%. The life expectancy is about 54 years. Homes in rural areas are made of wattle and daub which are woven rods and twigs plastered with clay and mud, and have thatched or corrugated-iron roofs. Residents of rural areas may have elaborate homes. Urban homes are typically of concrete with corrugated-iron or tile roofs, and have glass windows. In the suburbs of Kampala, multilevel and ranch homes are very plush, with servant quarters, swimming pools, and elaborate gardens. Urban gardens where vegetables and flowers are grown are also common. The standard of living is pretty good clearly and has grown to be this way over time. Some common favorite pastimes in Uganda are playing soccer, singing and dancing, and simply crafting using everyday objects.
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Natural Resources

There are a few natural recourses in Uganda. A list is copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, and gold. Industries in Uganda are sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles, cement, and steel production. Exports in Uganda include coffee, fish and fish products, tea, cotton, flowers, and gold. Imports include capital equipment, vehicles, petroleum, and medical supplies. Some major trading partners with Uganda are Kenya, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Netherlands, Germany, China, India, South Africa, Japan, and Italy. The natural recourses in Uganda help their economy. The things that they have are valuable and they can trade some of it to get a good return and the rest keep it and this valuable stuff makes the economy better.

Economies

Uganda has a mixed economy which means its economy is a mix of market and command economy. Even though it has a mixed economy, it is more on the market side meaning the government has a lot less say in decisions made and more decisions are made based on supply and demand. Uganda’s economic freedom score is 59.7, which means its economy is the 92nd most free in the 2015 Index. Its score has decreased by 0.2 point since last year, with improvements in half of the 10 economic freedoms, including monetary freedom and freedom from corruption, outweighed by declines in fiscal freedom and property rights. Uganda is ranked 9th out of 46 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region, and its overall score is below the world average. Uganda's Gross Domestic Product(GDP) is $54.6 billion. It has 5.1% 5-year compound annual growth and $1,484 per capita. Trade in Uganda is involuntary. Uganda is a member of trade agreements, East African Community(EAC) along with Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi, and Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa(COMESA) which has a total membership of 19 independent states. The average age of an entrepreneur in Uganda, many of who are women, are between the ages of 30 and 40; many of who only have a high school education. 59% of these people are surveyed as being in business for making a living. The percentage of individuals, ages 18 to 64, active in either starting up or managing a new enterprise is 29.3% in Uganda.

Environmental Issues

The major environmental problems in Uganda are overgrazing and deforestation which both make the land not arable which means that you can't farm on that land. Also, the water supply is threatened by pollutants. About 60% of renewable water sources are used for farming and about 8% for industrial things. About 80% of city dwellers have access to pure drinking water and about 47% of people living in rural areas. So for people in some areas, it could be hard for them agriculturally, and it could be hard to get fresh drinking water.

Bibliography

Major rivers, lakes, mountains, and other terrestrial features of Uganda. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/154364/


Uganda. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.factmonster.com/country/uganda.html


People & Culture. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://our-africa.org/uganda/people-culture


Every Culture. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.everyculture.com/WC/Tajikistan-to-Zimbabwe/Ugandans.html


Uganda. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.heritage.org/index/country/uganda


Nations Encyclopedia-Uganda. (n.d.). Retrieved February 1, 2015, from http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Uganda-ENVIRONMENTAL.html