Down Syndrome Disorder Project

By: Brock Mackiney

Down Syndrome

Also known as trisomy 21, or trisomy G, down syndrome is the result of a third copy of the chromosome 21 in the human system because of a different cell division when the sperm cells and egg cells first come together. Chromosome 21 is the main chromosome involved and affected in down syndrome. There are prenatal test for the baby to test if the baby has the disorder or not. These tests are called amniocentesis and villus sampling. Some common symptoms of the disorder are slow developments in regular growth, and difficulty in learning and comprehension. According to the CDC, almost sic thousand babies are born with down syndrome per year. Any person can have this disease if it is contained within their genetic code. Down syndrome is dominant and can be inherited by one single parent. Children with the disorder will have lower IQ's and will need help with their everyday lives because of their lack of motor skills. People that have down syndrome will need assistance throughout their lives because more problems will arise through the duration of their lives. There are no absolute cures for the disorder but there are treatments like therapy to improve physical and mental abilities. It is not completely preventable but it is possible to lower the risk of the occurring before birth. People with down syndrome are still capable off producing offspring. The gene for the disorder becomes recessive so there is still a small probability that the child could have the disorder. Scientists are trying to find a way to prevent the disorder. There is no cure but new treatments are coming out to help treat the disorder and help the person's motor skills.