Carbohydrates

Teya Jordan & Destiny Payton

Water

Adhesion- water is attracted to other substances.

Cohension- water is attracted to water.

Polarity- water has a simple molecular structure. It is composed of 1 oxygen atom and 2 hydrogen atoms.

Heat Storage- This is the ability to control temperatures enables cells to maintain a constant internal temperature when the external temperature changes drastically.

Ph scale- The Ph scale measures the concentration of hydrogen ions in solutions on a scale between 0-14.



Macromolecules

~A molecule containing a very large number of atoms.

Examples: Proteins and nucleic acids.


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Carbohydrate

~Your body uses carbohydrates to make glucose which is the fuel that gives you energy and helps keep everything going.

Examples: Fruits, vegetables, breads, milk, cereal, and other grains


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Proteins

~Proteins are large, complex molecules that play many critical roles in the body. They do most of the work in the cells and are required for he structure, function, and regulation of the body's tissues and organs.

Examples: Antibody, enzyme, messenger, structural component, and transport/storage

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Lipids

~Lipids are uniquely biological molecules, and they are synthesized and used by organisms in a variety of important ways. Lipids are small insoluble molecules. They are synthesized in association with a cellular organelle called the smooth endoplasmic reticulum.

Examples: Fats, steroids, and certain paints

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Nucleic Acids

~Nucleic acids, which are relatively strong acid found in the nuclei of cells, were first isolated in 1869. They are divided into classes on the basis of the sugar used to form the nucleotides.

Examples: Constituents, DNA, RNA, Nucleic acid analogues, and cloning vectors.

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