Tanzania

By: Halee Grass, Pricilla Smith, & Courtney Rae

Quick Facts and History

  • Size: 364,881 sq miles
  • Population: About 41,048,500 people
  • Government: Republic
  • Capital: Dodoma
  • Colonized: Arabs came in 1840; Zanzibar and Tanganyika became The Republic of Tanzania in 1964

Geography and Economy

Features: Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Ol Doinyo Lengai (volcano), Serengeti National Park, Great Rift Valley, Central Plateau

Bodies of Water: Indian Ocean, Lake Victoria, Lake Natron (pink lake), the Rufigi river, the Pangani river, and the Ruvuma river

Natural Resources: Diamonds, Gold, Iron Ore, Natural Gas, Oil, Tanzanite

Currency: Shillings

Occupations: Farming, Mining, Tourism

Imports :$11.16 billion; machinery, coal, cars, cotton, paper, raw materials

Exports: $5.92 billion; gold, cashews, cotton

People and Government

  • Ethnic Groups: over 130; Sukuma (14%), Arabic, Haya, Swahili, and Makonde
  • Religions: Christianity and Islam
  • Languages: English, Swahili, Over 120 languages are spoken
  • Literacy: 67.8% can read and write
  • Education: Primary school (7 years), Secondary School ( 4-6 years); all wear uniforms
  • Diseases: Ebola, HIV/AIDS, TB, Typhoid, Bubonic Plague
  • Leaders: President- Dr. Kikete, Vice President- Dr. Bilal, Prime Minister- Honorary Pinda
  • Branches of Government: Judicial, Exective, and Legisilative
  • Rights: Life, Freedom ,Privacy, Movement, Expression, Religion, Association, Public Affairs